Category Archives: Dead Sea Scrolls

The T&T Clark Companion to the Dead Sea Scrolls

Word today that the volume is due out next month

The Dead Sea Scrolls are one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the last century. They have great historical, religious, and linguistic significance, not least in relation to the transmission of many of the books which came to be included in the Hebrew Bible. This companion comprises over 70 articles, exploring the entire body of the key texts and documents labelled as Dead Sea Scrolls.

Beginning with a section on the complex methods used in discovering, archiving and analysing the Scrolls, the focus moves to consideration of the Scrolls in their various contexts: political, religious, cultural, economic and historical. The genres ascribed to groups of texts within the Scrolls- including exegesis and interpretation, poetry and hymns, and liturgical texts – are then examined, with due attention given to both past and present scholarship. The main body of the Companion concludes with crucial issues and topics discussed by leading scholars. Complemented by extensive appendices and indexes, this Companion provides the ideal resource for those seriously engaging with the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Table of contents

Abbreviations
List of Images and Figures
List of Contributors
Introduction – George J. Brooke and Charlotte Hempel

I. Background
Discoveries – Hans Debel
Archaeology of Qumran – Dennis Mizzi
Manuscript Collections: An Overview – Mladen Popovic
Publication Process – Weston Fields and son
Scholarly and Popular Reception – Matthew Collins

II. Context
Ethnicity: A Fresh Religious Context of the Scrolls – Robert Kugler
The Yahad in the Context of Hellenistic Group Formation – Benedikt Eckhardt
Regional Context of the Dead Sea – Joan E. Taylor
Qumran and the Ancient Near East – Henryk Drawnel
Scrolls and Early Judaism – George J. Brooke
Scrolls and Early Christianity – Albert Hogeterp
Scrolls and Hellenistic Jewish Literature
a. Philo – Joan E. Taylor
b. Josephus – James McLaren
c. Other Literature – Matthias Henze
Scrolls and non-Jewish Hellenistic Literature – Jutta Leonhardt Balzer

III. Methods 
Physicality of Manuscripts and Material Culture – Ingo Kottsieper
Scientific Technologies – Ingo Kottsieper
Reading and Reconstructing Manuscripts – Annette Steudel
Languages: Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek – Holger Gzella
Biblical Scholarship and Qumran Studies – Reinhard G. Kratz
Scrolls and the Study of the Ancient World – Benjamin Wright
Historiography – Philip R. Davies
Social Scientific Approaches
a. Sectarianism – David Chalcraft
b. Sociolinguistics – Trine Hasselbach
c. Identity Theory – Lloyd Pietersen
Postmodern and Poststructuralist Questions – Maxine Grossman

IV. Key Texts 
Aramaic Job – David Shepherd
Aramaic Levi – Vered Hillel
Authoritative Scriptures: Torah and Related Texts – Katell Berthelot
Authoritative Scriptures: Prophets and Related Texts – Roman Vielhauer
Authoritative Scriptures: Writings and Related Texts – Ulrich Dahmen
Authoritative Scriptures: Other – Kelley Coblentz Bautch and Jack Weinbender
Barkhi Nafshi – Daniel Falk
Bar Kokhba Letters – Lutz Doering
Beatitudes – Dorothy Peters
Berakhot – Daniel Falk
Commentaries on Genesis – George J. Brooke
Copper Scroll – Jesper Høgenhaven
Damascus Document (D) – Liora Goldman
Genesis Apocryphon – Daniel Machiela
Hodayot (H) – Angela Kim Harkins
Instruction – Benjamin Wold
Messianic Apocalypse – Eric Mason
Mil?amah (M) – Brian Schultz
Miq?at Ma?ase ha-Torah (MMT) – Hanne von Weissenberg
Mysteries – Samuel Thomas
New Jerusalem – Michael Langlois
Pesharim – Shani Tzoref
Rule of Blessings (Sb) – Judith Newman
Rule of Congregation (Sa) – Corrado Martone
Serekh ha-Yahad (S) – Stephen Hultgren
Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice – Judith Newman
Son of God Text – Eric Mason
Tan?umim – Jesper Hogenhaven
Temple Scroll – Joseph Angel
Testimonia – Eva Mroczek
Wiles of Wicked Woman – Michael Lesley
Words of the Luminaries – Judith Newman

V. Types of Literature
Bible – Mika Pajunen
Parabiblical Texts /Rewritten Scripture – Molly Zahn
Exegesis and Interpretation – Michael Segal
Halakhah – Vered Noam
Rules – Charlotte Hempel
Poetry and Hymns – Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra
Liturgical Texts – Daniel Falk
Calendars – Helen Jacobus
Wisdom – Matthew Goff
Mystical Texts, Magic, and Divination – Gideon Bohak

VI. Issues and Topics 
Patriarchs and Aramaic Traditions – Ariel Feldman
Revelation – Hindy Najman and Nick Hilton
God(s), Angels and Demons – Hanne von Weissenberg
Eschatologies and Messianisms – Kenneth E. Pomykala
Jerusalem and the Temple – Mila Ginsburskaya
Purity and Holiness – Cecilia Wassen
The Scribes of the Scrolls – Eibert J. C. Tigchelaar
Forms of Community – Alison Schofield
Daily Life – Cecilia Wassen
Ethics and Dualism – Marcus Tso
War and Violence -Alex Jassen

APPENDICES A-G – Drew Longacre, Michael DeVries

Index – Michael DeVries

Live Streaming George Brooke Lecture

Via the undersigned-

Dear Colleagues,

We are happy to invite you to join us this Wednesday, 30 May, from 13.30-15.30, at the University of Groningen Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies (Oude Boteringestraat 38), room 117, for the Dirk Smilde Research Seminar.

Professor George Brooke will present on “Comparing Rules and Rituals,” his fifth in a series of lectures on “Comparative Studies with Special Reference to the Dead Sea Scrolls.”

If you are unable to join us in person, please join us virtually by watching the live stream of Professor Brooke’s lecture at the RUG Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies Facebook page:

http://www.facebook.com/TheoRS

We very much look forward to seeing you all then!

Best wishes,
Jason


Dr. Jason M. Zurawski

Michael Langlois – The Dead Sea Scrolls – Denver

George Brooke’s Lecture in Groningen Will Be Live Streamed

Dear Colleagues,

We invite you all to join us this Thursday, 26 April, from 16.15-18.00, at the University of Groningen, Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies (Oude Boteringestraat 38), room 130 (NOT room 253), for the Dirk Smilde Research Seminar.

Professor George Brooke will present on “Comparing Texts and their Interpretations,” his fourth in a series of lectures on “Comparative Studies with Special Reference to the Dead Sea Scrolls,” the lecture originally scheduled for 5 April.

If you are unable to join us in person, please join us virtually by watching the live stream of Professor Brooke’s lecture at the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies Facebook page:

http://www.facebook.com/TheoRS

We look forward to seeing you all then!

Best wishes,
Jason

Free Access to Essays in ‘Dead Sea Discoveries’

Via Brill-

A second batch of 5 articles from Dead Sea Discoveries has become available for free, to celebrate the journal’s 25th anniversary with you, our readers. Enjoy!  http://www2.brill.com/Dead_Sea_Discoveries

The Haifa University Dead Sea Scrolls Project…

Is on Facebook now.

The March Madness Edition of the Biblical Studies Carnival

Our 145th Biblical Studies Carnival launches with posts focusing on the Old Testament /Hebrew Bible.   The title of the Carnival, though, has nothing to do with the contents except that the Carnival will be a slam dunk of biblioblogging gloriousness and tiny underdogs will find their rightful exposure to the wider world.  It will be nothing like picking up a book Chris Tilling has written that has Paul on the title page but it turns out it’s really about chess or something equally terrible.  So let’s get to it, shall we?

Old Testament / Hebrew Bible

Let’s start off our madness with an important reminder from James ‘The Bookman’ Spinti- that translations of translations are not the best starting point…  After making the point Spinti observes

Think Augustine, who knew no Hebrew and a smattering of Greek. He was dependent on the Old Latin translations—which frequently were less accurate than Jerome’s Vulgate, which was in the process of being completed while Augustine was alive. Jerome knew Hebrew well and not infrequently chided Augustine about his lack of knowledge of Greek and Hebrew (Jerome could be nasty…).

Could he be?  I never noticed…

Deane has a really interesting post on the origin of a marble statue representing Gen 6:1-4 and its connection to Old Faithful.  Really.  History is weird.

Eibert Tigchelaar’s lecture Beautiful Bookhands and Careless Characters has been posted online by the University of BirminghamSo say the folk at OTTC.

Jim Davila brings our attention to the John William Wevers LXX prize 2018 and your chance to nominate someone.  I nominate William Ross.  John Meade discusses the LXX canon… and let me say- NO, John, NO!   Mark Leuchter has a new article in the Journal of Hebrew Scripture, as announced here.  James McGrath has some things to say about something called ‘Young Earth Creationism‘.  Must be some sort of hipster band.  Hipsters are so weird, with their home brewed booze and their straggly rat infested greasy beards and nasty sweat encrusted caps… gross smelly beasts.

IOSOT is coming to Aberdeen in August of 2019 and they’ve already set up the website.  I love planners.  I may plan on going and skip SBL next year.

For 40 years the Hebrew Bible and digital technology have been intertwined.  And there’s a neat discussion / exhibition here.

If you want to have some fun read Matt’s post on Samson and Delilah.  It’s a 1922 film and it looks as terrible as you would think.  Some guy wanted to discuss some recent approaches to the book of Qoheleth.  Go ahead and read it, but it’s all vain.

Michael Homan has a great essay on the Mosaic Tabernacle in its ANE context.  It includes super illustrations.  Be sure not to miss it.  And if you’re in the UK you might be interested in this call for applications for Hebrew Manuscript Studies: Codicology, Palaeography, Art History.

Ryan Thomas needs your help deciphering a bit of Aramaic from Elephantine.  At the moment I’m posting this, the photo he provides is not working.  Hopefully it will be when the Carnival goes live.

Brant Petree has an interesting take on the bronze serpent.  From Numbers.  You know, the bronze serpent that healed all the rebellious Israelites after tens of thousands died thanks to their whinings… that bronze one.

Michael Heiser wrote a bit about the ‘Book of Og’.  It’s not the same as the terrible book by Chris Tilling called ‘The Book of Ugh’.  So please don’t confuse the two.

New Testament /Early Christianity

You may have missed it but Ben Witherington had a brief anecdote about the great C.K. Barrett, who had an amusing observation to make once about New Testament scholars.  And you may have missed the contents of the latest issue of New Testament Studies, but don’t worry, Danny Zacharias has your back.  I guess.  I think that’s what the kids say.  Who knows.  I don’t really care what the kids say anyway….

How did Jesus Become God?  The NOB debate. Professor Bart Ehrman and Dr Michael Bird debated the content of and issues surrounding Ehrman’s recent book, How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of a Preacher from Galilee.  It’s a series of videos.  #ICYMI (and you probably did miss it).

George *The Kiwi Starbucks Lover* Athas has a nifty post on the reason for Jesus’ execution (just in time for Easter).

Hugh Houghton does us all a favor here when he discusses the resurrection accounts in the Gospels, in Codex Sinaiticus!

Michael Langlois has some Jesus stuff on his blog about a Jesus film in the French tongue:  Jésus, l’enquête.  And who doesn’t want to investigate Jesus?  I mean besides the cray-cray ‘Jesus mythicists’ (who for people who claim they don’t believe Jesus existed sure do spend a lot of time talking about him….)

They’re going to have a study session in Cambridge at Tyndale House this July on the Gospel of John.  Pepsico has the details.  Roosters and the like make an appearance in the Tyndale House, Cambridge NT Blog.  Cock-a-doodle-doooooo….. They also discuss a variant in Luke 22:31  and one in Luke 23.  And Brian Davidson talked about the Tyndale GNT over at his place.  Meanwhile, the Logos folk asked ‘which text did Jesus use?‘  I’ll go ahead and answer: He used the Hebrew text.  He was, after all, a Palestinian Rabbi.

Joan Taylor and Helen Bond went to see the Mary Magdalene film and discussed it on the YouTube.  Others saw it too and were not at all that impressed with it.  And, back to Joan and Helen, they’re featured on a BBC 4 documentary on the women disciples of Jesus airing April 8 at 8 PM.  I sure wish it was airing here.

Mary also comes up for discussion by Michael Pahl.  I think Mary is pretty uninteresting as a New Testament character.  Far more interesting is the famed ‘Whore of Babylon’ in the book of Revelation.  She fascinates (as symbol).  But hey, to each her own, as the kids say (when they can bother to stop snapfacing and instagramming)…

Phil-Bob Long reviewed a commentary by F.F. Bruce.  Sort of surprised to see Bruce writing a newly published volume, what with him being all dead and all.  But stranger things have happened. And Tommy Wasserman is giving away a copy of his recent book on textual criticism.  Enter at your own risk.  Speaking of Textual Criticism, take a look at Ben Witherington’s post on p75.  The page is Patheos so beware of the plethora of ads you’ll have to slash through to get to the post.

Larry Hurtado didn’t like Mary Magdalene the film very much.  He would nearly rather watch paint dry.

Chris Keith will be talking about Jesus and cannibals (I think) in May- so you should arrange to go hear him.

Stephen Carlson wrote a bit about a forged manuscript.  Interesting if you’re into fakes.  And not fake, a multi-part examination of a new commentary on 2 Peter by Canadian Michael Kok you’ll want to check out here and here (so far).

Christoph Helig had a great post on learning Koine.  Go read it now, and then come back.  And if you want to learn Greek, do it at Newman University this Summer.

There’s a neat debunking of the myths about women and their place in the early Church over at the Oxford U. blog.  Give it a read.  And there’s also a neat post debunking NT Wright (alright maybe not debunking but perhaps showing his work to be bunk) by some kid with a Yosemite Sam mustache.  Come on, guys, shave so you don’t look like you’re hiding food in your face.

Henry Neufeld offered a reading of Hebrews 6:4-6 which isn’t altogether horrible or completely wrong.  Give it a read.  And Brian Fulthorpe discussed 1 Tim 2:11-15.  I’m not sure why, but as you know I’m not here to judge, I’m just a simple collector, like a Gospel redactor stringing pearls together on a string.  It’s up to you, precious soul, to decide what you like or don’t.

Archaeology /Scrolls

Roberta Mazza has an interesting piece on the illegal sale of papyri and what YOU can do about it.  You ought to read it if you haven’t already.  Beth She’arim is the subject of this post by the learned Jim Davila.

Todd Bolen discusses a newly discovered undisturbed Canaanite tomb.  Clearly, this proves that it isn’t Israel which has legitimate claim to the land, but the Canaanites (borrowing from the playbook of the Zionists who, whenever there is a ‘discovery’ of an Israelite this or that, use it to justify Jewish control of the land as though ancient Israel = modern Israel).

Archaeologists made some false claims about the City of David and now those false claims have been exposed by science.  Archaeologists need to abandon the Bible and spade approach.  They’re only hurting their own discipline.  And speaking of false claims, the false claim by Mazar concerning the so called ‘Isaiah Seal’ is the subject of a podcast by Chris Rollston.  And in yet another black eye for the discipline, Mellaart has been found to have forged many of his own ‘discoveries’.  Despicable.  Get your act together, archaeology.

Speaking of the unbelievable, they’ve done a Festschrift for Hershel Shanks….  Jesus take the wheel.

The Megiddo Mosaic gets a look from Arne Berge.  Who doesn’t love Megiddo and mosaics?

There was a neat post on International Women’s Day about women in archaeology that is very much worth a look.

Todd Bolen also had an interesting post about the large mikveh in Macherus which has been, for whatever reason, filled in.

James McGrath discusses Star Wars (?  is that the one with Kirk or Picard?) and archaeology.  What ties them together?  They’re both pretend (Star Wars all the time and archaeology whenever it hits the popular press).

Books and Other Media

Be sure to hop over to Logos and grab the free book of the month.  Very happy news from the Catholics: the Revised New Jerusalem Bible (New Testament) is out.  Next to the Revised English Bible, the Jerusalem Bible and the NJB are the best English translations.  So I’m going to have to obtain a copy of the RNJB when the whole thing is done in 2019. Speaking of Bible editions, happy news for the NT geeks- a new edition of the UBS/ NA text is coming in 2021/22.  And there’s also a new edition of the CSB coming.

There’s notice around and about concerning a new ‘Paul and Patristics’ database.  This is the first blog which I saw mention it (though twitter had noticed it a day before), so he gets the link.  Miraculously, this chap is blogging the RBL reviews when they appear.  RBL provides a good service so take a look if you’re one of the few who don’t already get the email from them.

Normally I wouldn’t mention a publisher’s sale but Wipf and Stock has stuff 50% off (on this list) till April 3.  So look it over and if you’re so inclined, get a bargain.  As they remark- Use code INV50 during checkout.

Better than 50% off, though, is free.  And you can download Huehnergard’s 3rd edition of his Akkadian Grammar for that low price.  That blog has all the best info just when you need to know it.  That guy is super.  And he’s the most beloved biblioblogger of all time.

David Instone-Brewer gives a bit of a tutorial on using LSJ’s lexicon in the STEP Bible.  Give it a read.

The Complete Jewish Study Bible is discussed over here with the editor in chief of the project.  If you like the ‘study bible’ genre, give it a read.  But remember-  Scot McKnight has an engaging post on Bible translation tribalism.   You’ll have to hack through the Patheos popups to get to it but with a steady hand and a sharp blade you’ll make it in an hour or two.

Here’s some good news- Francis Watson has a new book out.  He’s the best.  And as an example of what is not the best, here’s this post.  After you read it you’ll be all like ‘what?’  (And I only include it because I want you to know, precious soul, that you can do better if you try just a little.  Don’t be that guy…).

Check out STECA! – STECA is an international network for doctoral students and early career researchers, run by a Steering Committee, and currently based at the University of Birmingham. Our aim is to create a virtual common room to support early career researchers wherever they are based.   Bookmark it.

Faithlife has made a film on Textual Criticism.  Whaaaaaattttt?  Give it a look if you dare.  And the TC blog has a new contributor.  You may want to see the return of Elijah.  He doesn’t look at all like I expected him to.

Don’t miss this interview with David Instone-Brewer on the STEP Bible.  The STEP Bible is the best free Bible software I’ve yet encountered and I recommend it to my students each semester.  If you are a regular reader here you’ve probably heard me recommend it before as well.

And finally for this category- a gem from Jim.

Miscellaneous

Should you be keen to keep up with biblioblogging day by day, check out the Biblioblog Reference Library.  It doesn’t get a lot of press these days but it’s the perfect spot to get a ‘snapshot’ of the last 24 hours of biblioblogging fun.

Under no circumstances ought you miss the interview of Michael Langlois’s  titled ‘Revelations on the Bible’ in Science and Life Magazine.

The 2019 Hawarden ‘Old Testament in the New’ is ramping up its planning, so save the date.

Larry Hurtado has some musings on PhD studies.  He’s retired, so he’s old.  And old people have perspective.  So give it a look.  Seth Ehorn muses on what makes a good scholar.

Timothy Lim reconsiders the canonical process.  I sure hope it turns out different this time.  The last canon had Mark in it and Mark is the worst thing since Joel Watts….

Don’t miss Tim’s post on Bible reading.  It includes a picture, so non-readers like Joel Watts and Chris Tilling and all the Wrightians and Bonhoefferians will still be able to enjoy it.

And lastly- here is a list of women bibliobloggers for your examination (because March is the Month of Women)-

Coming Up

For the next two months these folk will be hosting the carnival:

If you’re interested in signing up to host a future Biblical Studies Carnival contact Phil Long (email@plong42). They’re a ton of fun to do.  And he needs good folk like you to help out.

Oh, and Happy Easter!

Oh Well, It Will Be Gone Before SBL Arrives in Denver… So What’s the Point…

Sad.

A vast exhibition of ancient artifacts from Israel, featuring two Dead Sea Scrolls never displayed in public before, is opening Friday at the Denver Museum of Science and Nature.

The newly unveiled scrolls lay down the rules for ritual purification and moral conduct that Jews have been following for thousands of years.

Other gems in the 600-piece collection include 18 other scrolls, which have been displayed before; a 3-ton stone from the Western Wall in Jerusalem; a lot of pagan gods; and the biggest lintel ever found at a First Temple-era estate, says the Israel Antiquities Authority.

Live Stream from the Qumran Institute

Via the undersigned-

Dear All,

Please join us this Thursday, 8 March, from 16.15-18.00 (CET), at the University of Groningen Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies (Oude Boteringestraat 38), room 253, for the Dirk Smilde Research Seminar.

Professor George Brooke will present on “Comparing Contexts,” his third in a series of lectures on “Comparative Studies with Special Reference to the Dead Sea Scrolls.”

If you are unable to join us in person, you can join us virtually by watching the live stream of Professor Brooke’s lecture at the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies Facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/TheoRS

We look forward to seeing you all then!

Best wishes,
Dr. Jason M. Zurawski
Postdoctoral Fellow, Qumran Institute

Golb’s Case Doesn’t Interest the Supreme Court

Sorry Raphael, the US Supreme Court isn’t interested in your case.

Supreme Court won’t take up the case of a blogger convicted of criminally impersonating his father’s academic rivals on the subject of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Read the rest at the link above.

Dead Sea Scrolls Essays- Freely Available

From the twitter-

Live Streaming Lecture on the Dead Sea Scrolls from the University of Groningen’s Qumran Institute

From the undersigned-

Dear all,

We are happy to invite you all to virtually join us at the University of Groningen’s Qumran Institute this afternoon for the Dirk Smilde Research Seminar, “Comparative Studies with Special Reference to the Dead Sea Scrolls,” and Professor George Brooke’s lecture on “Comparing Methods and Theories.” The Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Groningen will host the livestream of the lecture on its Facebook page.

When: Thursday, 15 February 2018, 16.15 (CET)

Where: http://www.facebook.com/TheoRS

We hope that you can join us for what will surely be a stimulating lecture.

Best wishes,

Dr. Jason M. Zurawski

CET is 6 hours ahead of EST in the US. Hence, 4:15 PM is 10:15 AM. Short notice, I know. But there you have it.

Dead Sea Scrolls News… And Journalistic Failure

Israeli Researchers Decipher One of Last Two Undecoded Dead Sea Scrolls“…

‘Undecoded’… why do they do that? Anyway…

Scientists at Haifa University have reconstructed the contents of one of the last two undeciphered Dead Sea Scrolls, revealing a unique calendar used by a Jewish sect that lived in the Judean Desert…

Why couldn’t they use ‘undeciphered’ in the headline? Because they want the Scrolls to be more mysterious and therefore more interesting than they are.

Scholars don’t get to edit news articles and it reflects poorly on journalists.

Larry Schiffman on the Dead Sea Scrolls

Listen here.

The Dead Sea Scrolls Don’t Belong to Israel

So says the State of Germany.

Uwe Becker, the deputy mayor of Frankfurt, expressed outrage on Thursday over the German government’s decision not to recognize the Dead Sea Scrolls as Israeli property, prompting the cancellation of a slated 2019 exhibit at the Bible Museum in Frankfurt.

“If Germany is unwilling to clearly express the legal status of the fragments of Qumran as Israeli world cultural heritage goods, it would dramatically change the coordinates in our German-Israeli relations. And it would mean the construction of a wall toward the places of the birth of Christianity in the holy country, because it would be the same for Bethlehem, Jericho, east Jerusalem and many other places of Jesus’ work,” Becker told The Jerusalem Post on Thursday.

Read the whole. The Germans have some legitimate issues.

Peter Flint Memorial Volume

It was just one year ago that Peter Flint died.  There’s to be a memorial volume presentation up at Trinity Western in Canada and if you’re in the territory you should attend:

Forgeries Amongst the Schøyen Dead Sea Scrolls Collection

Michael Langlois writes

Our team has just published a paper in which we explain why we believe that there are forgeries among the Dead Sea scrolls in the Schøyen collection.

As soon as 2013, I came to suspect the presence of forgeries after I examined the material and scribal features of these fragments which revived doubts I had expressed privately in 2006 and in a publication in 2008. After a second examination in 2014, I told my colleagues about it; some of them were skeptical at first but agreed to investigate this matter and, after we conducted additional testing, joined my conclusions. Nine fragments were removed from the edition that was in preparation, although I disagreed with that decision, as I believed more fragments were forgeries.

We were asked to remain quiet about it, and in 2015 I even offered to design a trap in order to identify the forger(s). Alas, I did not find the necessary support; worse, I saw on the Internet pictures of fragments with the same suspicious features in other private collections. When I was contacted by Newsweek journalist Nine Burleigh, I could no longer keep quiet and told her about those forgeries.

I told other journalists and colleagues about it and, as the interest of the scholarly community grew, a session on the issue of forgeries was organized at the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) international meeting in Berlin last August.

Meanwhile, we wrote a paper as a team to explain how and why we believe those fragments to be forgeries. This paper is now out, and I invite you to read it below:

Kipp Davis et alii, “Nine Dubious ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ Fragments from the Twenty-First Century,” Dead Sea Discoveries 24/2 (2017), p. 189-228.

As I said in our book and in Berlin, I believe that more fragments from the Schøyen collection are forgeries and that all fragments in the Museum of the Bible (MOTB) collection published in the volume edited by Emanuel Tov, Kipp Davis et alii are forgeries. This might be the case of other collections as well, although so far only the Schøyen collection and the Museum of the Bible collection have provided me with (at least) high resolution color and infrared pictures of their fragments.

Stay tuned! More news in the coming months… 😉

Dead Sea Scroll Sessions From SBL International

Livestreaming the Dead Sea Scrolls Session At SBL International

This is cool (though take note, the time listed is Berlin local time- 6 hours ahead of US Eastern Time) –

For those unable to join us at International SBL in Berlin, the Qumran session chairs (Jutta Jokiranta, Matthew Goff, Shani Tzoref, and Sidnie White Crawford) have organized for a livestream of the special sessions on “Tracing & Facing Possible Forgeries: Methodology, Ethics, Policies” (August 8, 2017; 9:00am-12:30pm). The live stream will be hosted here on the TWU Dead Sea Scrolls Institute page and facilitated by members of the CSTT Team from the University of Helsinki. Thanks to all who expressed interest in the work and discussion of this meeting from afar. For full program details, see https://goo.gl/y14Q2J

Charlotte Hempel’s Inaugural Lecture – The Dead Sea Scrolls: Isolationism, Elites, and Austerity