Category Archives: Biblical Studies Resources

If You’re Looking for a Study Bible…

And you’re serious- this is the edition that will do you the most good.

Obadiah, Jonah and Micah: An Introduction and Commentary

Obadiah’s oracle against Edom. Jonah’s mission to the city of Nineveh. Micah’s message to Samaria and Jerusalem. These books are short yet surprisingly rich in theological and practical terms. In this Tyndale commentary on these minor but important prophets, Daniel Timmer considers each book’s historical setting, genre, structure, and unity. He explores their key themes with an eye to their fulfilment in the New Testament and their significance for today.

The Tyndale Commentaries are designed to help the reader of the Bible understand what the text says and what it means. The Introduction to each book gives a concise but thorough treatment of its authorship, date, original setting, and purpose. Following a structural Analysis, the Commentary takes the book section by section, drawing out its main themes, and also comments on individual verses and problems of interpretation. Additional Notes provide fuller discussion of particular difficulties.

In the new Old Testament volumes, the commentary on each section of the text is structured under three headings: ContextComment, and Meaning. The goal is to explain the true meaning of the Bible and make its message plain.

A review copy arrived today.  I’ll let you know what I think.

Demons, Demons, Demons

Now that I have your attention, take note of the conference being held on the Zoom tomorrow evening:

Dear PSCO community,

We’re looking forward to seeing many of you tomorrow, Thursday, April 15 at 6:30PM (EST) for our session with Dr. Annette Yoshiko Reed (New York University), whose talk is entitled “Demonology and Popular Piety in Second Temple Judaism and Beyond.” The meeting link is: The three associated readings are attached.

  • Emil Hirsh, et al., Demonology,” in 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia -
  • Selections from “Introduction” and Chapter 5 of A. Y. Reed, Demons, Angels, and Writing in Ancient Judaism (Cambridge UP 2020), pp. 5-13 (sections on “Beginnings of Jewish Angelology and Demonology” and “Angelology and Demonology as Knowledge) + pp. 266-92 (sections on “Writing Heavenly and Earthly Perspectives,” “Angelic and Heavenly Perspectives,” “Human and Earthly Perspectives”), cf. Jub 1-10
  • Stephen Teiser, “Popular Religion,” Journal of Asian Studies 54 (1995) 378-395, esp. section on “Definitions and Approaches” (pp. 378-80)

We look forward to welcoming you on the 15th and have enjoyed exploring this year’s theme, popular piety in late antiquity, with you all! If you have any questions or concerns, please contact us at

The Latest Issue of Tyndale House INK is Out

It asks, ‘Who Were the Assyrians’.  Enjoy.

Einführung in das Neue Testament: Bibelkunde des Neuen Testaments- Geschichte und Religion des Urchristentums

A reprint edition of this classic has been published.  

Normally reprint’s aren’t considered grist for the review mill but sometimes a glance back at a real classic is beneficial for a new generation of biblical scholars.  Many may not be familiar at first hand with Lietzmann’s work and they would benefit, greatly, by being introduced to it.

First published in 1933 by Knopf, and thoroughly revised and reworked by Lietzmann, the fifth edition appeared in 1949.  Thus, the work first appeared on the cusp of the Second World War and went through four editions until reaching its final incarnation in 1949, just a few years after the war ended.  Incredibly, given those historical facts, the presence of an absolutely astonishingly fair representation of Judaism in the NT era is noteworthy on its own.  Add to that the remarkable thoroughness and the abiding relevance of many of the details, and this book is seen to be what it truly is: a wonder.

The book begins with a relatively brief overview of the language of the New Testament.  Next follows a very thorough examination of the textual witnesses available for study of the New Testament, including a survey of text critical methods, a description of the most ancient texts, the earliest witnesses in translation, the citations available in the Church Fathers, and the history of the printed text.  Finally, there is discussion of the contemporary (at the time) textual theories of Westcott and Hort.

Immediately following the text critical orientation of the volume, the early Christian literature is described.  Paul’s letters, the deutero-paulines, the letters of the Apostolic Fathers (!), the gospels, the apocryphal gospels (!), Acts, the Apocalypse, the Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, 2 Clement, and the Apologists all receive analysis.

The canon of the New Testament is next investigated.  Following this, the New Testament era is treated as a discreet topic, and this includes an examination of the Judaism of the New Testament period.  Hellenistic culture is next up to bat.

The sixth part of the volume is devoted to the beginnings of Christianity and guides readers into a clearer understanding of Jesus and his preaching, the apostolic age, Paul and his mission to the Gentiles, and developments from Jesus to Paul.

Next up is a look at the church from around 70 AD till 150 AD.

As easily seen, this is a very complete work in terms of its focus on introducing readers to the texts, literature, and world of the early Church.    All of it is based on one simple premise as brilliantly stated by the author:

Der Theolog steht in der Nachfolge der Apostel und ist Erbe ihres Amtes, Gottes Dolmetsch zu sein.

Never has a finer brief definition of the expositional task been written.

This book may be nearly 100 years old, but it is well worth reading right now.  It has much that is valuable in it.  It teaches much.  It is a genuinely important book.

Between Hearing and Silence: A Study in Old Testament Theology

When the Old Testament refers to silence, either the silence of persons or of God, that silence conveys a diversity of meanings. It may indicate a breakdown in the divine-human relationship, or the beginning of the renewal of that relationship. It can be associated with sacred space or the realm of death. At times, God’s silence seems painful and incomprehensible, an indication of God’s indifference or neglect. At other times it speaks of the great security that the people of God may have in the Lord’s unfailing care.

Between Hearing and Silence: A Study in Old Testament Theology invites students and scholars alike to explore the various ways in which the concept of silence is expressed in the Old Testament and the many meanings it conveys. John Kessler surveys the diverse facets of the Old Testament’s understanding of silence to help readers discover the richness of this often-overlooked biblical theme. Each chapter examines various biblical texts relating to a different aspect of silence and uncovers the distinctive understanding of silence those texts present; at the same time, this thematic investigation opens up new perspectives on the broader contours of Old Testament theology in all its stunning complexity.

These portraits of silence, both divine and human, will introduce readers to a novel way of understanding the relational dynamics within the divine-human relationship. As the biblical texts move between silence and sound, readers will discover the crises of faith experienced by the people of God in their journey, even as these hardships hold within them great hope for Israel’s future. Most significantly in the Old Testament, silence emerges as a sacred medium of communication between the Lord and the people of God, modeling even for the contemporary life of faith a posture of hopeful openness to the often mysterious ways of the divine.

A review copy arrived today and I’m very interested to read it because my Hebrew prof from Seminary, Sam Balentine, wrote a blurb for the back cover.  And his opinion is one I highly respect.  When he calls something ‘an excellent discussion’ then it’s something to read.

More anon.

Who Created Christianity?: Fresh Approaches to the Relationship between Paul and Jesus

Who Created Christianity? is a collection of essays by top international Christian scholars who desire to reinforce the relationship that Paul had with Jesus and Christianity.

There is a general sense today among Christians in certain circles that Paul’s teachings to the early Christian church are thought to be “rogue,” even clashing at times with Jesus’ words. Yet these essays set out to prove that the tradition that Paul passes on is one received from Jesus, not separate from it.

The essays in this volume come from a diverse and international group of scholars. They offer up-to-date studies of the teachings of Paul and how the specific teachings directly relate to the earlier teachings of Jesus. This volume explores with even greater focus than ever before the tradition from which Paul emerges and the specific teachings that are part of this tradition. This collection of essays proposes a complementary work to the work of David Wenham and his thesis that Paul was indeed not the founder of Christianity or the creator of Christian dogma; instead, he was a faithful disciple and a conveyer of a prior Christian tradition.

The essayists who contributed to this volume bring a collective several centuries of scholarship to bear and the fruits of that experience glisten on every page.  Stanley Porter, Graham Twelftree, Rainer Riesner, Joan Taylor, Alister McGrath, Craig Evans, Sarah Harris, Mike Bird, Steve Walton, Greg Beale, and Holly Beers among other lesser known and nonetheless finely gifted academics have seen to it that critical issues facing New Testament scholarship are brilliantly addressed.

Jesus and Paul are the two most important persons in the history of Christianity.  How significant is well known but WHY is a question seldom enough asked.  This collection asks, and answers.

The volume is comprised of six parts (personally I would have gone for seven) and in those parts the discussion is framed, Gospel origins are looked into, the oral tradition and its connection to Jesus and Paul is examined, the main themes of research concerning Jesus and Paul are discussed, women according to Jesus and Paul are investigated, Paul’s relationship to the Gospels and Jesus in the letters of Paul are also grist for the academic mill.

The best essays, in my view, are those by Twelftree, Riesner, Taylor, Bird, and Walton.  They are incredibly informative and have the merit of not repeating what are well known details.

The honoree of this Festschrift, David Wenham, is both deserving of the honor and honored by the high quality of scholarship on display in this work.  And while there are more than enough books on Paul out and about these days and plenty on the historical Jesus, few bring the two together and none do it as brilliantly as is done here.

In his foreword Wenham concludes

My hope is that this book, for which I am very grateful. will encourage ongoing sane and fruitful study of the Paul and Jesus question.

From his lips to God’s ears, as we say down here.  With the abundance of insane monographs ranging from the lunacy of the Jesus mythicists to the virtual worshipers of Paul, it is refreshing to read a volume that actually takes us forward in quest of answers to serious issues.

I highly, highly, highly recommend this work.  If you only have time to read a few of the contributions, do read the five I note above.  But if you can make time for the whole work, you will not regret it.  Indeed, you will ‘redeem the time’ and it will be a far better use of your limited lifespan than hopping on the game machine to play the fortnite (or whatever time wasting frolic is popular these days).

Tolle, lege!

Get Yourself a Commentary on the Entire Bible

Which one?  Well I’m glad you asked.  You can get the PDF edition of the entire series for a shockingly low  $75.  The books are all available by clicking my PayPal Link.  When you send your payment include your email address please and the books will be sent along quite quickly.  It’s a very good series if I do say so.  Aimed at layfolk and general readers, it is the only modern commentary on the entire Bible by a single author.



TThis commentary set is written and designed exactly for the average person. The person who hasn’t spent years in book learning and writing papers. Rather, it’s for a person who feels a yearning to know a bit more so they can grow spiritually and intellectually in the faith. The average person might not know where to start on the journey. This set does it beautifully. – Doug Iverson

The Parables: Jesus’s Friendly Subversive Speech

Jesus’s parables used familiar situations to convey deep spiritual truths in ways that are provocative and subversive of the status quo. Prayerfulness was pictured by a persistent widow. The joy of salvation in the homecoming of a lost son. Love of neighbor by a marginalized Samaritan. If we’re not careful, we can easily miss details in the parables that reveal their subtle meanings as well as their contemporary relevance.

Drawing on scholarship on the parables as well as theological, pastoral, and practical insights, Douglas Webster guides the reader through each of Jesus’s parables, pointing out the important nuances that allow us to understand them and be transformed by them. Reflection questions at the end of each chapter can be used for personal or group study, and an appendix for pastors provides guidance for preaching the parables. Pastors, Bible teachers, and serious students of Scripture will find this tour through Jesus’s parabolic teaching to be a feast for both the mind and the soul.

A review copy arrived today.

Conference Announcement: The Hebrew Bible, Gender and Sexuality day-long seminar

Created Male and Female The Hebrew Bible, Gender and Sexuality day-long seminar

Programme 12-7 pm, 26 April 2021

  • 12:00 – 12:15 Welcome & introductory remarks
  • 12:15 – 1:00 – Deborah Rooke (Oxford, UK), Religion, Power and Politics: Priests & Priesthood
  • 1:05 – 1:50 Sarah Nicholson (Glasgow, UK), Sex Workers in the Hebrew Bible
  • 1:50 – 2:30 Break for Lunch
  • 2:30 – 3:14 Brian Charles DiPalma (Fresno, CA), Masculinity Studies
  • 3:20 – 4:05 Rhiannon Graybill (Memphis, TN), Bodies, Gender and Sexuality
  • 4:10 – 4:55 Janice De-Whyte (Loma Linda, CA), Virginity, Celibacy, Barrenness and Reproduction
  • 4:55 – 5:10 Break
  • 5:10 – 5:55 Mercedes Garcia Bachmann (Buenos Aires, AR), Judges
  • 6:00 – 6:45 Ken Stone (Chicago, IL), Samuel and Kings
  • 6:45 – 7:00 Closing Remarks

Sponsored by the Oriel Centre for the Study of the Bible, & Hebrew Bible / Old Testament Research Seminar, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Oxford,

Register here.

Consider Yourself Invited

To the premier Biblical Studies discussion group on Facebook (or anywhere).  Actual scholars answering actual questions and discussing actual issues.  Dilettantes are Verboten.

Die Briefe des Petrus und des Judas: Die Botschaft des Neuen Testaments

Kein anderer biblischer Text ist im Vergleich zu seiner Länge so häufig und ausführlich unter den offiziellen Predigttexten vertreten, wie der erste Petrusbrief. Trotzdem gehört der erste Petrusbrief eher zu den unbekannten Größen des Neuen Testamentes.

Kein anderer Text des NT blieb derart unverstanden wie der Judasbrief. Gleichzeitig sind nur wenige biblische Schriften auch nur annähernd so gehaltvoll, wie die wenigen Verse des Judasbriefes.

Wohl kein anderer Autor des NT wurde ähnlich verkannt, wie der des zweiten Petrusbriefes. Würde der zweite Petrusbrief unter den biblischen Texten fehlen, nur wenige würden ihn vermissen. Doch gerade der Autor des zweiten Petrusbriefes kann heute als Vorbild für einen aufgeklärten Umgang mit der Botschaft des NT fungieren.

Der neue Kommentar ist bestrebt, sowohl den drei Schriften in ihrer jeweiligen Eigenart als auch ihren Autoren Gerechtigkeit widerfahren zu lassen. Er möchte Verständnis erwecken und für die Beschäftigung mit ihnen begeistern.

The present commentary, like others in the series in which it appears (and which I have reviewed previously) is an incredibly helpful and useful resource for those who wish to ‘study to show themselves approved workers, rightly exegeting the word of truth’.  These two biblical texts, fairly unappreciated and certainly not studied in the same depth as the Gospels or Paul’s letters, here receive their due.

The author introduces the work thusly:

Drei Briefe von drei Autoren für drei Gemeinden aus unterschiedlichen Phasen der Entstehungszeit des Christentums. Miteinander verbunden sind die drei Briefe durch den zweiten Petrusbrief. Sein Autor stellt seinen Brief auf der einen Seite ausdrücklich in die Nachfolge des ersten Petrusbriefes (2Petr 3,1). Auf der anderen Seite bezieht er sich so offenkundig auf Motive des Judasbriefes, dass sich eine ausdrückliche Bezugnahme für ihn erübrigt.

Three texts stemming from the early Church which allow us to learn a great deal about the views, practices, and interpretive methodologies of that community.

Each book is introduced as to time and place and author and each exegeted according to the outline proper to each.  Excurses are provided where necessary.  And. perhaps most importantly, each concludes with a theological summary of the book’s contents.  The series title ‘the Message of the New Testament’ is also the title of the concluding segment; i.e., ‘the message of First Peter’, etc.  So, for example, regarding the message of 2 Peter, we find

I) Vorbemerkung
II) Die Autorität des Autors
III) Die Warnung vor den Extremen
IV) Warnung und Trost – Gericht und Rettung
V) Die Endzeit
VI) Das Leben vor dem Ende und zwischen den Extremen
VII) Resümee

Each pericope is translated, thoroughly explained and the volume ends with a decent bibliography, abbreviation list, and a subject index.

Finally, I think it appropriate to reproduce a snippet of the exegesis, so that potential readers have an idea of what the author is trying to do, and how he does it.  The segment is from the exposition of 1 Peter 3:1-4.  Following the text, and the commentary proper, we find this:

Die Unterordnung der Ehefrau bezeichnet der Autor als den wahren Schmuck der Frau (4). Ein solches Verhalten gilt als gottgewollt, ihm wird ewiger Bestand (4b) attestiert und es erscheint selbst als eine Art von Gottesdienst (4c). Die Anweisungen haben ihren Ort in der konkreten Situation einer im Aufbau befindlichen und angefeindeten christlichen Gemeinde. Jeder Anschein von Störung der Ordnung durch Nichtanpassung war zu vermeiden. Mit dem im ersten Petrusbrief vertretenen Ehe- und Familienbild sollten Vorurteile gegen die neue Gruppierung abgewehrt werden. Die hier propagierten Rollenbilder haben bis in die Gegenwart die Gesellschaft geprägt. Heutige christliche Leserinnen und Leser des ersten Petrusbriefes müssen sich mit den damals vertretenen und religiös aufgeladenen Idealen auseinandersetzen. Zu bedenken ist, dass die idealtypische Ehefrau zu Beginn des dritten Kapitels des ersten Petrusbriefes parallel zu dem typischen Haussklaven am Ende des zweiten Kapitels steht. Wer das eine in seiner Gottgewolltheit relativiert und nicht mehr als angemessen erachtet, wird auch das andere auf seine Zeitgemäßheit hin befragen.

I admit, that’s a rather long excerpt, but I think that when one is considering a commentary, having some idea of its contents is an extremely important bit of information to possess.

This volume, like the others in the series, is a welcome addition to the library of students, pastors, scholars, and interested lay folk who want to understand the Scriptures in as thorough and full a way as possible.  The author, Karl-Heinrich Ostmeyer, deserves our appreciation for his fantastic efforts and even more, he deserves for his work to be read.

Tolle, lege! 

Die Botschaft des Neuen Testaments: Eine kurz gefasste neutestamentliche Theologie

Diese “kurzgefasste neutestamentliche Theologie” beginnt mit der Entstehung des Kanons und ihren theologischen Aspekten und beschreibt dann die Grundlagen der Botschaft im Erbe Israels und im Wirken und in der Verkündigung Jesu. Es folgt die Darstellung der Botschaft der einzelnen Evangelien und Briefe und jeweils ein Überblick über die gemeinsame Botschaft der Evangelien, des Paulus und seiner Schule und der katholischen Briefe. Im Schlussteil wird dann das Neue Testament als Ganzes in Blick genommen.

Inhaltlich zeigt sich bei den verschiedenen Themen eine große Vielfalt, aber auch eine weitreichende Übereinstimmung in den Grundfragen von Glauben und Leben: Gott hat in Jesus Christus Heil für eine Welt geschaffen, die sonst verloren wäre. Weil dieses Heil aber in der erneuerten Gemeinschaft mit Gott besteht, werden die Menschen nach ihrer Antwort auf Gottes Zusage gefragt. Ziel ist ein Leben in der Liebe zu Gott und zum Nächsten.

Diese Botschaft passt nicht in allem zu den Erwartungen, die wir an ein Wort für unsere Zeit haben. Und doch bleibt sie höchst aktuell auch für uns.

With the plethora of NT theologies out and about these days the question will naturally arise, ‘why another’.  The aim of the present book answers that important question:

Wir werden uns in diesem Buch auf die Aufgabe beschränken, die Botschaft des Neuen Testaments zu erkunden. Aber das Alte Testament wird nie ganz aus dem Blick geraten. Seine Botschaft durchdringt die des Neuen Testaments auf vielfältige Weise. Aber im Detail werden wir nur die Schriften des Neuen Testaments behandeln.

The basis of any good NT theology is an understanding of the importance of the OT.  No authentic theology of the New Testament can operate without one eye constantly on the text of the Hebrew Bible/ LXX.

K. looks at the gospels and delineates the chief emphasis of each of their authors and then he takes on the letters of Paul, in chronological order.  First the seven authentic letters are treated and then the deutero-paulines are looked into.  There’s even an important excursus:

Exkurs: Ein Wort zur Pseudepigraphie

But K. doesn’t simply look at the books themselves; he offers instruction in the significance of those books and the genres they represent.  For example, after his treatment of the letters of Paul and the deutero-paulines and the Book of Hebrews, he presents a chapter titled

Theologie in Briefform – reflektierte Kommunikation des Evangeliums.

Once the examination of the theology of the books of the New Testament is concluded, K. turns to a thematic description of the theology of the New Testament. This segment of the book is extremely instructive.

The volume concludes with a bibliography, a list of abbreviations, and the usual indices.

Any student wishing to get an excellent overview of the contents of the New Testament will have just that here in this volume. And any student wishing to familiarize her or himself with the message of the New Testament will also find that here.

The New Testament is a collection of theological texts. K. allows them to remain discreet and individual voices and doesn’t try to flatten them or homogenize them or transform them into one overarching message. The rich fulness of the NT is on display here, and it is a glorious thing to behold.

Dreams, Visions, Imaginations: Jewish, Christian and Gnostic Views of the World to Come

The contributions in this volume are focused on the historical origins, religious provenance, and social function of ancient Jewish and Christian apocalyptic literature, including so-called ‘Gnostic’ writings. Although it is disputed whether there was a genre of ‘apocalyptic literature,’ it is obvious that numerous texts from ancient Judaism, early Christianity, and other religious milieus share a specific view of history and the world to come.

Many of these writings are presented in form of a heavenly (divine) revelation, mediated through an otherworldly figure (like an angel) to an elected human being who discloses this revelation to his recipients in written form. In different strands of early Judaism, ancient Christianity as well as in Gnosticism, Manichaeism, and Islam, apocalyptic writings played an important role from early on and were produced also in later centuries. One of the most characteristic features of these texts is their specific interpretation of history, based on the knowledge about the upper, divine realm and the world to come.

Against this background the volume deals with a wide range of apocalyptic texts from different periods and various religious backgrounds.

A review copy was provided by the publisher, with no requirements concerning the review’s outcome.
It contains the following essays:

  1. Where Should We Look for the Roots of Jewish Apocalypticism?, John J. Collins
  2. Apocalyptic Literature and Experiences of Contact with the Other-World in Second Temple Judaism and Early Christianity, Luca Arcari
  3. Time and History in Ancient Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic Writings, Lorenzo DiTommaso
  4. Apocalyptic Writings in Qumran and the Community’s Idea of History, Jörg Frey
  5. This Age and the Age to Come in 2 Baruch, Matthias Henze
  6. Jesus and Jewish Apocalyptic, Armand Puig i Tàrrech
  7. Time and History: The Use of the Past and the Present in the Book of Revelation, Adela Yarbro Collins
  8. Dreams, Visions and the World-to-Come according to the Shepherd of Hermas, Joseph Verheyden
  9. Ezra and his Visions: From Jewish Apocalypse to Medieval Tour of Hell, Jens Schröter
  10. Views of the World to Come in the Jewish-Christian Sibylline Oracles, Olivia Stewart Lester
  11. Defying the Divine: Jannes and Jambres in Apocalyptic Perspective, Marcos Aceituno Donoso
  12. Between Jewish and Egyptian Thinking: The Apocalypse of Sophonias as a Bridge between Two Worlds?, Michael Sommer
  13. From the ‘Gnostic Dialogues’ to the ‘Apostolic Memoirs’: Literary and Historical Settings of the Nag Hammadi Apocalypses, Dylan M. Burns
  14. What is ‘Gnostic’ within Gnostic Apocalypses?, Jean-Daniel Dubois
  15. Being in corpore/carne and extra corpus: some interrelations within the Apocalypsis Pauli/Visio Pauli, Thomas J. Kraus
  16. From Historical Apocalypses to Apocalyptic History: Late Antique Historians and Apocalyptic Writings, Tobias Nicklas
  17. Qur’anic Eschatology in its Biblical and Late Ancient Matrix, Stephen J. Shoemaker
  18. The Book of Revelation and Visual Culture, Lourdes García Ureña

I have taken the liberty of marking in bold print the essays which are particularly helpful and provocative.  These essays, as a whole, advance knowledge related to their particular topics.  Readers will note that while the themes covered here are fairly broad, the one unifying concept is apocalyptic.  And not since D.S. Russell’s monograph on apocalyptic has the subject been addressed so thoroughly.

Canonical texts and non-canonical come into view and none are privileged.  The status of texts within their respective communities of faith are left aside and the texts themselves, without the usual baggage attached, are faithfully and carefully looked into.

The indices are a great help in locating materials of particular interest to particular readers.  The subject index is itself very thorough and extremely useful.  Each essay also provides a quite up to date bibliography.  The essays are all in English but the editors have provided a very nice abstract at the beginning of each, in German.  And naturally, this being an academic work, there are plenty of footnotes which will inform and delight those thirsting for more information.

This is a quite good resource and persons desirous of learning about the long tentacles of apocalyptic thought and their entanglements in Jewish, Christian, and Gnostic texts from antiquity will benefit from it.

Four Kingdom Motifs before and beyond the Book of Daniel

Edited by : Andrew Perrin and Loren T. Stuckenbruck.

The four kingdoms motif enabled writers of various cultures, times, and places, to periodize history as the staged succession of empires barrelling towards an utopian age. The motif provided order to lived experiences under empire (the present), in view of ancestral traditions and cultural heritage (the past), and inspired outlooks assuring hope, deliverance, and restoration (the future).Four Kingdom Motifs before and beyond the Book of Daniel includes thirteen essays that explore the reach and redeployment of the motif in classical and ancient Near Eastern writings, Jewish and Christian scriptures, texts among the Dead Sea Scrolls, Apocrypha and pseudepigrapha, depictions in European architecture and cartography, as well as patristic, rabbinic, Islamic, and African writings from antiquity through the Mediaeval eras.

The book is open access and thus free to download in PDF.

Dutchlanders- A Zoom For You: “Symposium ‘Priesterlijke zielen gevraagd m/v'”

I guess it’s about something related to priestly goals ravaged.  I don’t know.  But you will.  Here’s the info.

Op woensdag 7 april 2021 organiseren de Katholieke Vereniging voor Oecumene, Refo500, Uitgeverij Summum en de Theologische Universiteit Apeldoorn het symposium Priesterlijke zielen gevraagd m/v.

Alle christenen zijn door het doopsel met Christus verbonden en delen onder meer in Zijn priesterlijke taak: aan de hele wereld het Evangelie te verkondigen, de zielen te redden en het Rijk van God te verbreiden.

Luther en Calvijn benadrukten enerzijds de grootsheid van het priesterschap: alle gelovigen worden op elk moment en in het midden van de wereld opgeroepen tot de grootste eerbied en verantwoordelijkheid tegenover God. De Katholieke Kerk benadrukt deze grootsheid van het gemeenschappelijk priesterschap ook. Tegelijkertijd vormt dit leerstuk een grote uitdaging.

Dit symposium laat de deelnemers reflecteren op de vraag wat de noodzakelijke voorwaarden zijn voor een goed begrip en een goede uitoefening van een betekenisvol christelijk gemeenschappelijk priesterschap midden in de wereld.

Hoofdspreker op het symposium is Martijn Pouw. Hij is r.-k. priester van het Opus Dei en promoveerde in 2019 aan de Pauselijke Universiteit van het Heilig Kruis in Rome op het proefschrift Greatness & Limits of Common Priesthood in the 16th Century Reformed Theology. A Realist Phenomenological Study of the Common Priesthood in Luther and Calvin from a Roman Catholic Perspective.

Go to the link above for more.

Prophets, Priests, and Promises: Essays on the Deuteronomistic History, Chronicles, and Ezra-Nehemiah

This collection of essays has now been published-

Shortly before his untimely death Gary Knoppers prepared a number of articles on the historical books in the Hebrew Bible for this volume. Many had not previously been published and the others were heavily revised. They combine a fine attention to historical method with sensitivity for literary-critical analysis, constructive use of classical as well as other sources for comparative evidence, and wide-ranging attention to economic, social, religious, and political circumstances relating in particular to the Persian and early Hellenistic periods. Knoppers advances many new suggestions about significant themes in these texts, about how they relate one to another, and about the light they shed on the various communities’ self-consciousness at a time when new religious identities were being forged.

Professor Knoppers died suddenly on December 22, 2018.  That afternoon Jack Sasson wrote

I am extremely saddened to write today with the awful news that Gary Knoppers, John A. O’Brien Professor of Theology at the University of Notre Dame, died suddenly this morning.

The essays here collected, the full list of which you can read at the link above under ‘table of contents’, are the gathered works of one of this generation’s most gifted minds.  Ranging from the topics of ancient history and historiography, to scribal practices and mimesis, to David, the Law, the Temple, to the exile and the exilic period, Knoppers knew it all.  He was, in terms of biblical scholarship, a man who knew all the ins and outs of the whens and hows and whys.

Aside from knowing all the major (and minor) issues related to the scholarship of the Hebrew Bible, Knoppers was an excellent communicator, a writer with the ability to describe clearly and purposefully the subject at hand.

For many years I’ve been of the opinion that only people who really understand something are able to explain it clearly enough for someone generally educated to comprehend it.  The more complex the issue, the more an expert must understand it in order to be able to explain it.  Gary was that sort of person.  He was able to take the most complex issues in biblical studies and explain them so that students, colleagues, and even opponents could understand them clearly.

Each of the essays in the present volume is a tribute to its author.  Eight of them are newly published here for the first time, with the remaining seven extensively revised and updated before inclusion.  To put it another way, none of the essays in their present form have ever appeared anywhere else.

Each essay is fully documented, and there are plenty of materials pointed to for those interested in further investigation of any of the subjects covered.

People familiar with Knoppers’ work will know him to be a trustworthy friend in scholarship.  Those unfamiliar with him will find here what I hope will be an introduction to his thoroughness, thought, and writing style.  So informed, I sincerely hope they move on to read his commentaries and other works.

A worthy scholar deserves readers.  Gary Knoppers was among the worthiest.

Grundinformation Neues Testament: Eine bibelkundlich-theologische Einführung

Das Arbeitsbuch stellt die Schriften des Neuen Testaments allgemeinverständlich in der Reihenfolge des Kanons dar. Der Zugang erfolgt über eine bibelkundliche Erschließung. Exegetische Hinweise dienen der Einordnung der behandelten Schrift und der Erhellung ihrer Entstehung. Anschließend werden theologische Schwerpunkte dargestellt und Hinweise zu Wirkungsgeschichte und gegenwärtiger Bedeutung gegeben – im Kirchenjahr, in der Kunst oder auch im »säkularen« Alltag. Durch vorangestellte Thesen, eingefügte Übersichten sowie zusätzliche Informationen in einer Randspalte wird der Text didaktisch erschlossen. Mit einem Verzeichnis der wichtigsten Studienliteratur, Glossar und biblischem Personenverzeichnis.

This classic in a new edition arrived for review today.

Walter Houston Responds

Walter Houston writes that he has offered…

a response to the criticisms of Avraham Faust and myself made by Marvin L. Chaney in ‘The Political Economy of Peasant Poverty’, as reprinted in his Peasants, Prophets and Political Economy (Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2017): ‘The Political Economy of Peasant Poverty: Response to Marvin L. Chaney’,

Happy Birthday Kurt Aland

alandToday is the anniversary of the birth of that great Text Critic and Church Historian Kurt Aland.  He was born on 28 March, 1915 (and regrettably passed away on 13 April, 1994).

Happy birthday, Professor.