Zwinglius Redivivus

Nihil salvum esse potest, donec rabies. – John Calvin

Archive for the ‘Zwingli’ Category

What is the Reformation? Freedom

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Was ist Reformation? Freiheit, hätte Zwingli gesagt, wenn man von ihm verlangt hätte, die Antwort in ein einziges Wort zu fassen. «Wo der gloub ist, da ist fryheit», schrieb er 1523 in der Begründung seiner Thesen. Und davon war er ohne Zweifel auch überzeugt. Schliesslich warf er einiges über Bord, was die Kirche seiner Ansicht nach von dem entfremdete, was das einzig Entscheidende war: das Wort Gottes. Fasten? Ansichtssache, fand er. Die einen tun es, die anderen nicht. Richtig sei beides. Und weder das eine noch das andere führe notwendigerweise zum Heil.

1522 war Zwingli dabei gewesen, als Bürger am ersten Sonntag der Fastenzeit demonstrativ Würste assen. Kurz darauf rechtfertigte er das Wurstessen theologisch und forderte vom Bischof die Freiheit der Verkündigung. Damit nicht genug. Der Zölibat? Unnötig, und zumindest keine heilige Pflicht, erklärte er. Priester, die heiraten wollten, sollten das tun. Zwingli selber hatte kurz nach dem Amtsantritt am Grossmünster seine spätere Frau kennengelernt und lebte schon bald mit ihr zusammen. Im Geheimen natürlich, zumindest so lange, wie das in der Kleinstadt Zürich möglich war.

Enjoy the rest.

Written by Jim

21 Sep 2018 at 10:42 am

Posted in Church History, Zwingli

Zwingli on ‘The Turks’

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Zwingli’s Statue at the Wasserkirche

By which he, and his contemporaries Luther and Calvin, always meant the Muslims.  So, he mentions the Turks in a passage in which he  describes the sorry state of the Catholic Church, writing

… we have become more shameless in our lives than even the Turks and Jews. For you do not find among them such frequent adultery, so many unscrupulous forms of extortion, such beastly drunkenness, such bold robbery, to say nothing of the arrogance of high and low, of the continual wars, vile blasphemy, obscene talk, lying, cheating, and overreaching. Have we not all had our hands full with trying by hearing or hiring or reading masses to drain this universal swamp of evil? This, I believe, no one will deny, that we have all fled for refuge to the mass, as to a sacred anchor [cf. Heb. 6:9]. Nay, we have gone even to such a pitch of madness as to fancy that we saw a bread that brings salvation.

Interestingly, for Zwingli, the Roman Church’s children are worse than any Muslim! There’s something to think about even now for how often is it the case that the people we often think the worst are actually more moral than ourselves?

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15 Sep 2018 at 7:42 am

Posted in Islam, Zwingli

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#ICYMI – Peter Opitz on the Light Side and the Dark Side of the Reformation

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This is a wonderful interview with an absolutely brilliant scholar.  It includes this Q and A-

Mit Zwingli und Calvin hatte die Schweiz ihre eigenen Reformatoren. Aber sie waren inspiriert von Luthers Vorarbeit.

Es gab viele wichtige Reformatoren, deren Namen heute leider oft vergessen sind. Heinrich Bullinger zum Beispiel war Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts in ganz Europa die wichtigste Person für den reformierten Protestantismus, wichtiger als Calvin, der erst später relevant wurde. Zweifellos aber gab Luther den Startschuss und prägte mit seinen Schriften die Anfänge der Reformation. Viele seiner Gedanken wurden schon früher geäussert, aber während man manche seiner Vorgänger einfach als Ketzer verbrannt hat, war Luther zur richtigen Zeit am richtigen Ort und erhielt die nötige Unterstützung. Die Schweizer Reformatoren haben seine Schriften gelesen, sind aber ihre eigenen Wege gegangen.

Read the whole.

Written by Jim

15 Sep 2018 at 7:41 am

Posted in Church History, Zwingli

At Least there’s One Bright Spot on the Otherwise Miserable Horizon

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Written by Jim

13 Sep 2018 at 5:42 am

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The Trailer for the Zwingli Film is Out

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Oh. Boy.

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11 Sep 2018 at 10:16 am

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Erasmus Didn’t Appreciate Zwingli’s “Archeteles”, But He Didn’t Read it Either

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“I have read some pages of your apology [Archeteles]. I beseech you for the sake of the glory of the Gospel, which I know you would favour and which we all who bear the name of Christ ought to favour, if you should issue anything hereafter, treat so serious a matter seriously, and bear in mind evangelical modesty and patience. Consult your learned friends before you issue anything. I fear that that apology will cause you great peril and will injure the Gospel. Even in the few pages that I have read there are many things I wanted to warn you about. I do not doubt that your prudence will take this in good part, for I have written late at night with a mind that is most solicitous for you. Farewell.”

Written from Basel, September 8, 1522

Erasmus

I like how Erasmus, like so many of our contemporaries, read a few pages and thought he graspsed the argument of the whole.  For being a learned man, Erasmus wasn’t very smart at times.

Written by Jim

8 Sep 2018 at 9:35 am

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Reform of Poor Relief: Today With Zwingli

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Zwingli manifested his independent and reforming spirit by criticising the department of outdoor relief in the city, and proposing on September 8, 1520, that the public alms should hereafter be given only to those who had been investigated, and could show actual need. One test of the “worthiness” of the applicants for relief was their ability to repeat the Lord’s Prayer, the Ave Maria, and the Ten Commandments!*

Now that’s a good rule! Forget ‘drug testing’ of welfare recipients- only provide assistance after they’ve been investigated, found truly in need, and demonstrate adequate piety.  Oh for the good old days.

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*Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland (1484–1531) (p. 157).

Written by Jim

8 Sep 2018 at 9:00 am

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Zwingli Virtual

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#ZwingliVR: Dein Termin mit Huldrych

Erlebe die Folgen der Reformation in Virtual Reality! Ausgerüstet mit einem Headset und einem Rucksack-Computer betrittst du die virtuelle Welt. Huldrych Zwingli ist dein Gastgeber: hilf ihm, die Kirche zu verändern.

#ZwingliVR tourt zwischen dem 23.9. und dem 7.10. durch Zürich:
– Grossmünster Zürich: 23. bis 25.9., jeweils von 10 bis 18 Uhr
– Marktplatz Oerlikon: 30.9. bis 2.10., jeweils von 10 bis 18 Uhr
– Bahnhof Altstetten: 4. bis 7.10., jeweils von 10 bis 18 Uhr

Das Erlebnis ist kostenlos und dauert ca. 10 Minuten.

Weitere Infos unter: zwingli-vr.ch

#VR #VirtualReality #mixedmedia #reformation #zwingli #zhreformation #immersion #immersive #Zurich #swissdesign #swissmedia #inlovewithswitzerland #history #swisshistory #grossmuenster

Das Projekt wird gefördert und ist im Rahmen von ZH-REFORMATION.CH Im Kontext der internationalen Reformationsfeierlichkeiten haben Kanton und Stadt Zürich, die Evangelisch-reformierte Landeskirche, der Reformierte Stadtverband Zürich und Zürich Tourismus den Verein «500 Jahre Zürcher Reformation» ins Leben gerufen. Im Zentrum der Aufmerksamkeit steht die Aktualität der Reformation – ihre spürbaren Nachwirkungen und gesellschaftlichen Prägungen im heutigen Zürich. Barbara Weber und Martin Heller wurden mit der inhaltlich-kuratorischen Gesamtleitung beauftragt; kritisch und neugierig entwickeln sie ein facettenreiches Langzeit-Festival für Stadt und Kanton – von Mitte 2017 bis Anfang 2019.
Weitere Informationen unter zh-reformation.ch

Written by Jim

7 Sep 2018 at 5:27 am

Posted in Church History, Zwingli

I Cannot Wait to See This Film

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Cannot.  Wait.  So looking forward to being in Zurich when the film is shown in February with the filmmaker himself present.

Zwingli – Der Film — Wir präsentieren euch das erste offizielle Bild vom Film ZWINGLI! Dieses zeigt Haupdarsteller Max Simonischek in seiner Rolle als Reformator.

Written by Jim

5 Sep 2018 at 11:07 am

Posted in media, zurich, Zwingli

Today With Zwingli: A Letter from Oecolampadius

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Pax Christi tecum, mi frater.

Non est, quod nos perturbet obsistentium nobis ferocia. Annon pacem, ut pręcepit dominus [Luc. 10. 5. 6], pręfati sumus? Nonne de gloria domini agitur? Quos parentes? quos amicos? quos doctores? quam creaturam agnoscemus? Nequaquam essemus veri nepotes Phinees.

Si vindicari cum mansuetudine poterit gloria patris, non patiemur, ut immites iure arguamur. Sin zelum docebit unctio, relinquemus spiritui suum impetum. Expectabimus tamen, quidnam scripturus sit Martinus, orabimusque, ne genio suo indulgeat.

Mitto hic, quę calumniis Fabri Capito noster feliciter respondit. Nescio, an Germanica legeris, quę multo feliciora sunt. Xylotectus hinc migravit post festum assumptionis die quarto, Christiane quidem, sed magno cum cruciatu.

Sępe illum invisi ęgrotantem, sed confuso sermone balbutientem ęgre intelligebam; imo plane  intelligebam, Christum in pectore ipsius inter dolores summos regnare.

Accepi tuos libellos, pro quibus gratiam habeo. In Petri Gynorii, quem Albanensem hic dicebamus, fasciculo nihil inveni pręter libellum Eccii, qui, qualis sit, statim et ego cognoscam. At nihil ille  dabit, quod non ipsissimum referat Eccium.

Vale.

3. Septembris.
Tuus Ęcolampadius.
Hic tibi commendari cupit, qui literas reddit.
Hulrico Zwinglio, euangelii fidelissimo ministro apud Tigurinos,  suo dulcissimo in Christo fratri.

oecolampadius_zwingli

Written by Jim

3 Sep 2018 at 7:59 am

The 1531 Zürcher Bibel Online

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It’s one of the most beautiful editions of the Bible ever produced. It is the result of the work of a team of translators led by Zwingli and Jud and it is lavishly illustrated. You’ll love it. You can read it here.

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Written by Jim

3 Sep 2018 at 7:45 am

Posted in Bible, Zwingli

Today With Zwingli: How Eck Faked Knowledge of the Biblical Languages He Didn’t Possess

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On August 31, 1526, Zwingli wrote a very gossipy letter full of information, telling how Eck used at Baden the Complutensian Polyglot, which had the Latin version side by side with the Hebrew and the Greek, and so by apparently reading unaided from the Hebrew and Greek got a reputation for learning he did not deserve; and how poor Balthasar Hubmaier, in his examination before the Council, quoted Zwingli’s remarks about catechumens, as showing his former preference to have baptism follow instruction; how he recanted and then withdrew his recantation; and how generously Zwingli treated him, and how basely Hubmaier reviled him when escaped from the city. He closes with some slighting remarks upon Luther: “I think you are too solicitous in the matter of that man who is said to be writing against me in German and Latin on the Eucharist. In nothing do I promise myself a more certain victory.”*

There are a lot of people who pretend knowledge of the Biblical languages that they don’t possess.  And they all use interlinears.

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*Samuel Macauley Jackson, Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland (1484–1531), Heroes of the Reformation (New York; London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons; Knickerbocker Press, 1901), 276.

Written by Jim

31 Aug 2018 at 2:44 pm

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Zwingli’s View of the Apocrypha

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An interesting proof of the extent of Zwingli’s reputation is a letter written to him from Ghent by John Cousard, who signs himself in Greek, “Bishop of the Brethren of the Common Life,” lamenting that Zwingli wrote so much in German, and asking him to have his writings in that language translated into Latin! Zwingli replied to it on August 31, 1531, and makes these remarks upon the Apocrypha:

“There are certain considerations which you adduce from the Apocryphal Books. These, I concede, contain some things that are worth reading; yet they never attain to that measure of authority that the Canonical Books have. They are more diluted and feebler, so that they appear rather as imitations of the former Scriptures than written in the peculiar fervour of the fresh spirit.”*

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*Samuel Macauley Jackson, Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland (1484–1531) (Heroes of the Reformation; New York; London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons; Knickerbocker Press, 1901), 339–340.

Written by Jim

31 Aug 2018 at 5:38 am

Posted in Zwingli

Fun Facts from Church History: Zwingli’s Description of the Catabaptists

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drowning_anabaptistsThey are mostly a class of rabble, homeless from the want of means, who make it their business to win old women by pompous discourses upon divine things to extract from them the wherewithal to support themselves, or to gather in considerable alms. In general, they make pretense of the same holiness of which Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons writes in connection with the Valentinians and Nazianzenus [Gregory of Nazianzus] in connection with the Eunomians.

Then, in reliance upon this, they teach that a Christian cannot be a magistrate; that it is not lawful for a Christian to put even a guilty man to death even by process of law; that we must not go to war even if tyrants or godless persons and robbers resort to force and plunder, slay, and destroy every day; that an oath must not be taken; that a Christian should not exact duties or taxes; that all things should be held in common; that the souls sleep with the bodies; that a man can have several wives “in the spirit” (having, however, carnal intercourse with them); that tithes and revenues should not be paid, and hundreds of other things.

Nay, they daily scatter new errors like tares amid the righteous seed of God.*

Small wonder Zwingli and the rest of the Reformers and the civic authorities had little time for such anarchists.
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*The Latin Works of Huldreich Zwingli, Volume 2. (W. J. Hinke, Ed.) (pp. 272–273).

Written by Jim

27 Aug 2018 at 6:49 am

Posted in Church History, Zwingli

Zwingli’s Writing Habits

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Zwingli, writing to Myconius on August 26, 1522, thus candidly describes his literary methods:

“I am rough and impatient of the time necessary for condensing and polishing. You know that my mind is felicitous in nothing except invention, if indeed that is not the greatest infelicity which is either not willing or not able to adorn and polish and so render worthy of immortality what one has done in the way of invention. Yet when I imagine I have studied enough, a disgust at my own performance presently seizes me, and I feel such a loathing for what I have thus far written that reviewing it is likely to produce nausea.” — (VII., 218, 219.)*

Durus sum ac castigandi morę nimis impatiens et expoliendi. Ingenium nostrum nulla scis parte quam inventione fęlix esse, si modo ea non est summa infęlicitas, quę inveneris nolle vel non posse consilio iudicioque ornare, venustare cedroque digna reddere. Cęlo tamen studuisse dum sat putamus, capit nos mox fastidium nostri, ac quicquid hactenus scripsimus, ita mox fastidivimus, ut respectum forte fortuna nauseam  pariat.

Zwingli was always his own harshest critic.

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*Samuel Macauley Jackson, Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland (1484–1531) (Heroes of the Reformation; New York; London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons; Knickerbocker Press, 1901).

Written by Jim

26 Aug 2018 at 7:40 am

Posted in Modern Culture, Zwingli

Things Zwingli Wrote that You Should Read, And a Random Map

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Written by Jim

25 Aug 2018 at 11:42 am

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When You’re Motivated, You Can Write Brilliantly, Swiftly

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zwingliIN 1523 Zwingli published a Latin tract entitled, De Canone Missæ Huldrychi Zuinglii Epichiresis, “An Essay on the Canon of the Mass.” He speaks of it as “my confutation of the Canon of the Mass.” He wrote it in four days (August 25–29), though not without careful study and serious thought on the subject “for several years” before he began to write.

Emser was sufficiently provoked by it to publish an answer with the title: Canonis Missæ contra Huldricum Zuinglium Defensio (1524), “Defense of the Canon of the Mass against Huldreich Zwingli.” The author, contrary to custom, did not send a copy of this tract to Zwingli, who accordingly chides him for attacking him treacherously “from the rear” and without giving him “any warning.” “You did not, as a Christian especially ought, give any warning; you sent no herald with a demand for satisfaction; and you attacked suddenly, not in front but from the rear, one who suspected no such thing.”*

When your theological juices are boiling, you can be productive.  Lack of productivity is really simply a sign of disinterest.

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*The Latin works of Huldreich Zwingli, (Vol. 3, p. 344).

Written by Jim

25 Aug 2018 at 8:20 am

Posted in Books, Church History, Zwingli

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Zwingli In Einsiedeln

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This is a fascinating essay.

Es sind nur ein paar Wörter, aber sie sind wertvoll. Wertvoller als so manches dicke Buch. Letzte Woche hat Urs Leu sie entdeckt – und damit eine Leerstelle geschlossen, welche die Schweizer Reformationsforscher lange beunruhigte. In der Bibliothek des Klosters Einsiedeln fand der Zürcher Historiker in einem Kodex aus dem 9. Jahrhundert drei kurze, mit schwarzer Tinte geschriebene Randbemerkungen. Für Leu war sofort klar: Das ist Huldrych Zwinglis Handschrift! Der Duktus der Buchstaben, die charakteristische Form des «d» mit dem lang heruntergezogenen vertikalen Strich – da war jeder Zweifel ausgeschlossen. Und was das bedeutet, war Leu bewusst. Er hatte entdeckt, wonach man bis jetzt vergeblich gesucht hatte: die Spur, die Zwingli bei seinem Aufenthalt in Einsiedeln hinterlassen hatte.

Then discussion about Zwingli’s studies and viewpoints during that period.  And

Zwingli nahm das alles mit wachen Sinnen zur Kenntnis. Und was er davon hielt, zeigt eine Randbemerkung in einem seiner Bücher. An einer Stelle, wo der Autor warnend schreibt, guter Wein und üppiges Essen würden selbst gefestigte Seelen zu sinnlichen Sünden verführen, hält er lakonisch fest: «Das mögen die Benediktiner sich merken.» Man glaubt deutlich zu spüren, dass er weiss, wovon er spricht.

Doch selbstverständlich wusste er auch sehr gut, was er dem Kloster Einsiedeln verdankte. Zum Pater pflegte er ein freundschaftliches Verhältnis, und vor allem: Er las sich durch die Bibliothek. Obwohl er als Priester für ein riesiges Gebiet mit rund 1500 Einwohnern zuständig war und dazu die Pilger geistlich zu betreuen hatte, nützte er jede freie Minute, um zu lesen. Und Zwingli war ein aufmerksamer Leser, dem nichts entging. Das zeigt sich an den Randbemerkungen in seinen eigenen Büchern, die heute in der Zentralbibliothek Zürich (ZB) aufgearbeitet werden. Bei der Arbeit an Zwinglis Bibliothek stiess Urs Leu, der an der ZB die Abteilung Alte Drucke leitet, auf die Spur, die ihn schliesslich zu seinem Fund führte.

Read it all.

Written by Jim

25 Aug 2018 at 7:53 am

Posted in Zwingli

Zwingli’s Foreword

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Zwinglis Vorrede zu Schwenckfelds Schrift “Ein anwysunge, das die opinion der leyplichen gegenwertigheyt unsers Herrens Jesu Ohristi im Brote oder under der gestalt dess brots gericht ist widder den ynnhalt der gantzen schrifft was published 24 August, 1528.

Here it is for your reading pleasure:

Like the other Magisterial Reformers, Zwingli was often asked to write a foreword to this volume or that.  Such short works were basically little more than endorsements of the works of lesser known persons by widely known and respected ones.  As such, they introduced the views of others (although said views were always in line with the views of the great Reformers else they wouldn’t have agreed to a foreword).

Written by Jim

24 Aug 2018 at 7:33 am

Posted in Modern Culture, Zwingli

Archeteles

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The 23rd of August, 1522, was the day on which Archeteles was published in Zurich by Zwingli.

This is Zwingli’s reply to the admonition which the Bishop of Constance, the diocesan of the city of Zurich, addressed to the chapter of the Great Minster on May 24, 1522. Zwingli was not mentioned in it but rightly regarding himself as the chief agent in bringing in the new ideas which were condemned by the Bishop, he made this reply. His delay in doing so was probably due to his absorbing occupations in other directions. The treatise was written hastily, he informed Myconius, in sending him a copy (August 26, 1522).*

Point by point, Zwingli responds to the Bishop’s concerns. For instance

XIII. There is a class of men so shameless that though they are a constant stumbling block to the unhappy people through their unblushing sins, they will not listen to any sort of warning, far less to any correction or improvement. I wish, indeed, that they would strive to be other than they are reputed to be—nay, I exhort them for Christ’s sake to strive. And when this takes place, justly grounded criticisms will cease, or if they do not cease, they will no longer disturb them. For they will learn, meanwhile, that they shall be blest of whom evil is said, and they will try to show that the slanders poured out upon them are poured out upon men most undeserving of it. But what wickedness is this, despitefully to entreat him who is appointed to be an example unto the rest, and to refuse to listen to any warning? I admit, as far as I am concerned, that I have often said that a fair proportion of the bishops of our time are not real but counterfeit bishops, and I do not think I ought to be blamed for it either, since Isaiah calls such “dumb dogs” [Isa. 56:10], and Christ calls them “thieves and robbers” [John 10:1]. I am speaking of those who have not entered into the sheepfold by the door. For you will find few who fill the office of bishop to the best of their ability, and do not rather conduct themselves as rulers and satraps and kings. I would that all who have spoken in these days unrestrainedly had spoken passionately rather than truly. It is the duty of all and especially of the heads of the Church to see whether their ill repute is deserved or undeserved. For Paul teaches that an elder convicted of sin is to be rebuked publicly [cf. 1 Tim. 5:20].

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*The Latin Works and The Correspondence of Huldreich Zwingli: Together with Selections from His German Works, (Vol. 1, p. 197).

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23 Aug 2018 at 6:01 am

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