Category Archives: Zwingli

In Which Zwingli Explains Why He Published his Sermon on ‘The Choice of Food’

zwingli_schriftenBecause his enemies were misrepresenting the oral presentation, Zwingli expanded and published it.

I have therefore made a sermon about the choice or difference of food, in which sermon nothing but the Holy Gospels and the teachings of the Apostles have been used, which greatly delighted the majority and emancipated them. But those, whose mind and conscience is defiled, as Paul says [Titus, 1:15], it only made mad.

But since I have used only the above-mentioned Scriptures, and since those people cry out none the less unfairly, so loud that their cries are heard elsewhere, and since they that hear are vexed on account of their simplicity and ignorance of the matter, it seems to me to be necessary to explain the thing from the Scriptures, so that every one depending on the Divine Scriptures may maintain himself against the enemies of the Scriptures. Wherefore, read and understand; open the eyes and the ears of the heart, and hear and see what the Spirit of God says to us.

And Staring Over Zwingli’s Shoulder Again…

Sometime in April of 1524 Zwingli wrote this little bit: Ordnung von den drei Kilchhören.

Ordnung von den 3 kilchhörinen, so verr die minen herren gevallen wurde.

[1.] Uf Marci sol man 1. fierteil einr stund vor 5. zuo allen kilchen ein zeichen lüten, zuo fünfen das ander, und bald darnach us allen kilchen usgan mit zemenlüten, das man zum Grossen Münster anheben sol und zuo dem Frowenmünster zemenkumen. Da sol ein predge gehalten werden, ein uslegung eines der siben psalmen uf ein halb stund oder stund, demnach das volck gelert werden, wie es alle notturfft da von dem allmechtigen got begeren sölle. Und sol nach end der predge die gemein priesterschafft die siben psalmen, wie vormal gebrucht, gegen einander betten, one die litany, mit dem beschluss des gebettes für die sünd; und demnach one gsang widrum heimkert werden.

[2.] In der krützwochen zuo glicher wys wie uf Marci zuo iedem tag; doch das man uf mentag zuo Sant Peter, zinstag zum Grossen Münster, mitwoch zuom Frowenmünster, wie vor uff Marci bestimpt ist, gang, predge und bitte, damit wytschweiffen, darus gar bald lichtverige erwachsen möcht, und arbeit vermitten werdind und iederman zuo rat und arbeit noch zytlich komen mög.

[3.] Die übrigen krützgeng, von minen herren angesehen, als gen Einsüdlen, uff den Hof, setzend wir irer wysheit heim, in hoffnung, sy werdind hierinn mit got ermessen, welchs das aller gotzgevelligost sye.

When one goes to worship matters. That one goes, matters more. That people have to be told to do it matters most of all.

Staring Over Zwingli’s Shoulder…

Zwingli's Study

Zwingli’s Study

In his study on April 20, 1524, one would have seen him write his Eine Epistel vor der “Antwort eines Schwytzer Purens.”

He sends along to a small community words of encouragement as they struggle to reform, encouraging them as well to support their own Reformer-

Huldrich Zuingli embüt allen christlichen leseren gnad und fryd von got und unserm herren Jesu Christo.

Sich, frommer Christ, wie den himelschen vatter lustet, siner götlichen wyßheit liecht vor den wysen und fürsichtigen ze verbergen Mat. 11. [Matth. 11. 25], unnd das den kindischen erscheinen, damitt er all weg im selbs glych sye, der da verderbet die wyßheit der wysen unnd den verstand der fürsichtigen verschupfft [Jes. 29. 14, cf. 1. Cor. 1. 19]; der im selbs ouch den schlechten huffen wellet, damitt er die wysen zuo scham zwinge [1. Cor. 1. 27].

Hie kempffet ein hafengiesser, der gar ghein sprach noch kluogheit kan, dann die er von got und siner muoter gelert hat, mit eim alten schuolmeister, der in vil künsten, voruß des geistlichen retschens – wie heißt es?: rechtens – verschlissen unnd ußgenutzet ist.

Welcher aber sich uff die götlichen warheit bas verstand und das gotswort eigenlicher bruche, wirdst du in dym gleubigen hertzen innen. Darumb lassend darvon, ir gewaltigen diser welt, die leer Christi ze durächten. Do Christus getödt, ward er durch die vischer in der welt verkündet und nam me zuo, denn do er lyblich hie was. Also wenn ir die wenen vertriben han, werdend die hafner, müller, glaser, tuochschärer, schuochmacher und schnyder leeren. Es ist ietz an denen; die vischer hand es vor gethon.

Ouch, lieben schueler des Gebwylers, wellend ir des bapstes unnd der rethorick bericht werden, blybend bym Gebwyler; denn Hans Fueßli kan nüt darmit. Wellen ir aber die götlichen warheit clar hören, so zühend von dem retor und kummend zuo dem hafengiesser. Verstand es ieder imm besten. Bis hiemit gottes. Des bistu ouch, du wellist oder nit. Der wirt ouch uß dir machen ein geschirr zuo eer oder spott, wie er wil [cf. Röm. 9. 21]; er ist gott.

And God is with the Reformers.

Zwingli is the Best Candidate

You owe it to yourself to read this interview.

Sind Sie als Pfarrer werbeaffin?  Natürlich! Die Werbung ist seit 2000 Jahren unser Geschäft. Die heutigen Werbeagenturen sind nur Nachkommen unseres Stamms. Schon Paulus hat auf dem Marktplatz mündliche Werbung betrieben. Auch im Bereich Social Media waren wir vor allen anderen tätig. Wir haben schon in der Reformationszeit vor 500 Jahren mit dem damaligen Internet, mit dem Buchdruck, gearbeitet. Dadurch haben wir die Transformation der Gesellschaft veranlasst. Von daher sind wir nicht nur werbeaffin, sondern tatsächlich die Ursuppe der Werbung im abendländischen Kulturkreis.

In diesem Fall erachten Sie Huldrych Zwingli als guten Werber?  Nicht nur das: Er war neben Martin Luther der beste Werber überhaupt. Und er war ein Schlitzohr.

Wieso das?  Bleiben wir beim Beispiel Buchdruck. Schauen Sie sich seine Froschauer Bibel an – entwickelt während sechs Jahren im Chor des Grossmünsters. Das Produkt ist fantastisch: Er, der gegen Heiligendarstellungen in der Kirche war, hat gemerkt: Fürs Lesen, für den Geist, sind Bilder hochwillkommen.

And more.  It’s fantastic.

Wildhaus, Zwingli’s Home Town

Christophe Chalamet recently visited Zwingli’s birthplace and snapped some excellent photos!  (Photos I was unable to take when I visited because I had worn my poor camera battery completely out by the time I got there).  With thanks to him for allowing me to share these:

Today with Zwingli: His Adversary, ‘That Cumæan Lion’

zurich1522“You should know that a certain Franciscan from France, whose name indeed was Franz, was here not many days since and had much conversation with me concerning the Scriptural basis for the doctrine of the adoration of the saints and their intercession for us. He was not able to convince me with the assistance of a single passage of Scripture that the saints do pray for us, as he had with a great deal of assurance boasted he should do. At last he went on to Basel [on 18 April, 1522] where he recounted the affair in an entirely different way from the reality—in fact he lied about it. So it seemed good to me to let you know about these things that you might not be ignorant of that Cumæan lion, if perchance he should ever turn your way.

“There followed within six days another strife with our brethren the preachers of the [different orders in Zurich, especially with the Augustinians]. Finally the burgomaster and the Council appointed for them three commissioners on whom this was enjoined—that Aquinas and the rest of the doctors of that class being put aside they should base their arguments alone upon those sacred writings which are contained in the Bible. This troubled those beasts so much that one brother, the father reader of the order of Preachers [i. e., the Dominicans] cut loose from us, and we wept—as one weeps when a cross-grained and rich stepmother has departed this life. Meanwhile there are those who threaten, but God will turn the evil upon His enemies.

“I suppose you have read the petition which some of us have addressed to the Bishop of Constance.… But I must return to Schuerer upstairs, where he is having some beer with several gentlemen and jokes will be in order.”*

_____________________
* S.M. Jackson, Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland. p. 170–172.

Jud, Zwingli, And Switzerland’s Love of Meat

There’s a great little essay here about just those very things.

The time: March 9, 1522, the first Sunday of Lent. The crime scene: a printer’s workshop in Grabengasse, just a stone’s throw from Zurich’s city walls. The first in a series of swissinfo.ch articles marking 500 years of the Reformation is a sizzling thriller.

The Death of Christ

Of the Eucharist-

They call it the body of the Lord, because in it is commemorated the fact that Christ took upon Himself flesh and died for us. They call it the remission of sins, because we return thanks for the forgiveness of our sins through the death of Christ. They call it the food of the soul, because He who alone is the sure pledge of our hope is praised in it. Not as if the material bread were the material body of Christ, or as if, when eaten and digested, it washed away the poison of sin, or as if the material bread or the material body of Christ could feed the soul, but because the Divine Goodness is so pleasant and friendly to us that It deigns to present even to our senses certain shadowy forms of internal and spiritual things, which are called by the same name as the things themselves for the reason that they are the sacraments and representations of the real things.  — Huldrych Zwingli

#ICYMI- The Portrait of Zwingli Which Once Adorned Gottfried W. Locher’s Study Now Adorns Mine

First posted on 5 April, 2013-

Thanks to the incredible kindness of Prof. Locher’s son, Dr. Uli Locher (McGill University), I have on my study wall the very portrait of Zwingli which hung on the study wall of his father.  And I couldn’t, I just couldn’t be more honored.

So i have to show it off-  here it is fresh out of the mailer-

DSC02048

And here it is, in its place of honor, on the wall behind my desk, over my right shoulder-

DSC02049

Many, many thanks to Uli for this kindness.  I feel smarter already (and strangely more accountable).

If You’re in Basel, Go to this On Thursday

Zwingli’s ‘Humor und Gesundheit’

Read it.

Wahr ist: Zwingli war kein Zwinglianer! Wer anderes behauptet, sitzt einer Zeitungs-Ente auf. Zwinglis Eigenart und sein Humor verschmolzen zu einer besonderen theologischen Legierung von Spott, Lachsalven und Humorfestivals des Glaubens. Zwingli nahm Luther mit seinem polternden Charakter klangmalerisch auf die Schippe: „Trotz, botz, plotz, plitzg, donder, po, pu, pa, plump.“ Episcopi (Bischöfe) wurden zu Apiscopi (Wegschauer). Sein Kanzelhumor war entlarvend. Einem Kollegen, der am Sakrament der letzten Ölung festhielt, liess er ausrichten, „er möchte doch das Öl für den Salat brauchen oder damit salben, wenn er Gliedschmerzen habe. Durch den Glauben werden wir selig, nicht durch das Öl, sonst müssten ja die Ziegenschläuche am seligsten sein, triefen sie doch davon.“ Von seiner Mutter hatte er sein humorvolles Gemüt. Seine Theologie und sein Nachdenken über Gott und die Welt waren mit der spitzen Feder des Humors geschrieben, die erheiterte und erfreute, jedoch auch verärgerte und diffamierte.

Read it all.

Quote of the Day

Those who are a prey to obstinate hypocrisy can never be persuaded by the most skillful argument to confess what they really feel and have in their hearts. Yet the more persistently they refuse, the more certainly are they understood by the spiritual physician. For “he that is spiritual judgeth all things” — Huldrych Zwingli

For the Christian it’s Either Chastity or Marriage

HZ

For a Christian there is nothing between chastity and marriage. He must either live chastely or marry. — Huldrych Zwingli

Why Are there ‘Lutherans’ and ‘Calvinists’ and ‘Wesleyans’ But Not ‘Zwinglians’?

Because Zwingli taught his followers to exalt God alone.  A lesson the Lutherans and Calvinists and Wesleyans must have missed.

This is the fountainhead of my religion, to recognize God as the uncreated Creator of all things, who solely and alone has all things in His power and freely giveth us all things. They, therefore, overthrow this first foundation of faith, who attribute to the creature what is the Creator’s alone. For we confess in the creed that it is the Creator in whom we believe. It cannot, therefore, be the creature in whom we should put our trust. – Zwingli

Nor, it should be added, after whom we name ourselves.

The Shepherd

Der hirt.

557820Wie man die waren christlichen hirten und widrumb die valschen erkennen, ouch wie man sich mit inen halten sölle, durch Huldrychen Zuingli beschriben im 1524. jar. Jacobon Schurtanner, Ceraunelateo, byschoff, das ist: wechter und hirten zuo Tüffen in Abbtzell, sinem lieben in gott bruoder, embüt Huldrych Zuingli gnad und fryd von gott dem vatter und sinem sun, unserem herren Jesu Christo.

Zwingli published ‘The Shepherd’ on 26 March, 1524. In this book he outlines basic Reformation theology as it applies to the office of the Pastor. Contrasting the good shepherd with the bad, he lays out, in sum, his ‘pastoral theology’.

It is one of Zwingli’s most abiding and engaging volumes. And it’s available in English from Wipf and Stock.

Zwingli Was Right About What Must Be Done With Heretics

When he wrote, in a disputation-

So far am I from yielding to you that unless you leave me and mine—that is, the sheep of Christ—in peace and quiet, I shall proceed to deal with you far more roughly, without fear of your words or your frowns. You must deal with me by means of the Holy Scriptures bestowed upon us by God (and do not forget that point), and they must not be twisted. You must not use things devised by the vanity of man, and you must come to close quarters and not fight by laying mines. As soon as I perceive any tricks, I shall expose them.

There it is.

Quote of the Day

True peace is had in God and not in one’s passions, which boil in constant turmoil like the waters of a tumultuous sea.  –  Huldrych Zwingli

Today With Zwingli: Predigt wider die Pensionen

zwingli_1513Zwingli was unwilling to see Swiss boys and young men killed in the service of foreign overlords and he despised the mercenary services.  So on 12 March, 1525 he published his Predigt wider die Pensionen.

To make it comprehensible to moderns, it could be like a high profile Pastor/ Theologian preaching a withering sermon against the military/industrial complex of today.

The sermon’s auditor remarked

Zwingli stuond am sontag nach Fridolini imm mertzen an die kantze und prediget vom allten stand der Eydgnoschafft, wie einfallte und fromme lüth vor zyten gewesen, die grosse syg und träffliche gnad von gott gehept. Ietzund habe sich das volck verkert; darumb straffe uns gott so ernstlich. Und uns werde nitt mögen gehulffen werden, wir nämind dann widerumb an unser fordern frommkeit, unschuld und einfelltikeit. Sunst werdint wir für und für rysen, fallen und zuoletzt gar zerfallen, ja zerschmëtteren. Gott werde den übermuot nitt lyden.

Would that God would send us another Zwingli to stand publicly against the corruption of mercenary service.

As everyone knows, Zwingli would himself perish in battle- but not as a mercenary. Instead, he died as a Chaplain ministering to the troops of Zurich at Kappel-am-Albis on 11 October, 1531.

Zwingli’s Translation of Jeremiah

On March 11th, Zwingli issued his translation of Jeremiah with annotations, and dedicated it to the city of Strassburg, in further recognition of its entering into the Christian Burgher Rights. – S. Jackson

The full title is Complanationis Ieremiae Prophetae Foetura prima, cum Apologia quur quidque sic uersum sit per Huldrichum Zuinglium.

It remains one of the finest commentaries on Jeremiah ever written.

Zwingli For Today

reformers1.jpgThe promiscuous pairing of animals, even in our judgment, is not base, though such pairing of human beings is most base. But what is it that absolves them but condemns us? The Law. For by the divine law we are confined within the barriers of matrimony.— Huldrych Zwingli