Daily Archives: 18 Apr 2019
Christophe Chalamet visited Zwingli’s birthplace a while back and snapped some excellent photos! (Photos I was unable to take when I visited because I had worn my poor camera battery completely out by the time I got there). With thanks to him for allowing me to share these:
Vom freien Willen wird gelehret, daß der Mensch etlichermaßen einen freien Willen hat, äußerlich ehrbar zu leben und zu wählen unter denen Dingen, so die Vernunft begreift; aber ohne Gnad, Hilfe und Wirkung des heiligen Geistes vermag der Mensch nicht Gott gefällig werden, Gott herzlich zu fürchten oder zu gläuben, oder die angeborene böse Lust aus dem Herzen zu werfen; sondern solchs geschieht durch den heiligen Geist, welcher durch Gottes Wort gegeben wird. Dann Paulus spricht 1. Korinth. 2: Der naturlich Mensch vernimmt nichts vom Geist Gottes.
So why do people keep doing them? Go read 2 Cor 4:2. Right now. RIGHT NOW.
Only someone in a cult would cut their hair like that (and bribe people to attend)-
Solchen Glauben zu erlangen hat Gott das Predigtamt eingesetzt, Evangelium und Sacrament gegeben, dadurch er, als durch Mittel, den heiligen Geist gibt, welcher den Glauben, wo und wann er will, in denen, so das Evangelium hören, wirket, welches da lehret, daß wir durch Christus Verdienst, nicht durch unser Verdienst, einen gnädigen Gott haben, so wir solches gläuben.
So expect to see a good bit of stuff about him today and tomorrow. Because.
PHILIP MELANCHTHON, or MELANTHON (often incorrectly spelled Melancthon), born 1497; professor at Wittenberg, 1518 to his death, 1560. The foundation of Lutheran Systematic Theology was laid in his Loci Communes Rerum Theologicarum seu Hypotyposes Theologicæ (1521), which had its origin in a brief outline prepared for his own private use, and afterwards dictated to his students as an introduction to his lectures on the epistle to the Romans. During the author’s life it passed through eighty editions, was greatly enlarged, and on certain points, as, for example, the Freedom of the Will, its doctrine was materially changed. For details, the English reader is referred to the article MELANCHTHON, prepared by the author of this sketch, in McClintock and Strong’s Cyclopædia, vol. vi. The collection of Melanchthon’s works in the Corpus Reformatorum affords the student the best facility for the critical study of Melanchthon’s theology. It contains a reprint of each of the principal editions, as well as of several translations of the Loci. — Schmid, H. (1889). The Doctrinal Theology of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, Verified from the Original Sources, p. 665.
When in my mind I look about at the churches of all the lands, which I include in my prayers, it is not without great sorrow that I consider how few capable ministers there now are, and how even among those who are considered the best how great is their weakness and, in some, even their error. Next, I lament also the contempt for the Gospel among the people, who have no concern for religion, no zeal to uphold the ministry, who do not fear the dreadful wrath of God and do not change their ways. – Martin Luther
Things are worse now, Martin…
I bet that next Easter these folk are on the History Channel as the stars of a new series called ‘Where in the World is Mary Magdalene Now? (Joel Osteen, Mark Burnett, Executive Producers)‘ They will follow Mary all across Europe as she drops off trinkets and baubles that she picked up in the ‘Holy Land’ during her ‘Apostolate’.
And let’s face it, that theory is as legit as any to see the light of day on the History Channel (where facts don’t matter but unsubstantiated theories are king).
A year after the death of Theobald, April 18, 1161, Becket was appointed by the king archbishop of Canterbury. He accepted reluctantly, and warned the king, with a smile, that he would lose a servant and a friend. The learned and energetic Bishop Gilbert Foliot of Hereford (afterwards of London) remarked sarcastically, perhaps from disappointed ambition, that “the king had wrought a miracle in turning a layman into an archbishop, and a soldier into a saint.”
Becket…. he’s what happens when Kings meddle in the Church.
At the end of a letter that Bullinger composed on the 18th of April, 1534, he remarks of Luther:
De Lutheri impudentia nuper libellis quibusdam de privata missa et in Erasmum scriptis vehementer doleo. Video enim hunc hominem ecclesiae dei plus incommodaturum, quam profuerit unquam. Interim vero hunc omnibus in Europa doctis in evangelio praeferre non cessat Bucerus ,miror, quo consilio. Oecolampadium, virum sanctissimum illum, praedecessore tuum, in istis furiosis rixis palam praedicat a sathana strangulatum periisse. Vide, quid monachus iste audeat. Erasmum prorsum Arrianis adnumerat et convitiorum atque calumniarum plaustra in senem illum et de ecclesia et literis optime meritum effundit. Vide, obsecro, quantis in periculis versetur ecclesia, quantis quaciatur persequtionum et tentationum procellis. Dominus conservet nos in veritate. Iterum vale.
Luther could be a jerk. Everyone knew it. Even Luther.
Call for Papers: Urtext, Archetype, Fluidity or Textual Convergence The Quest for the Texts of the Hebrew Bible
The response to the question “What is the text of the Hebrew Bible?” is today, one of the most complex but also most fundamental epistemological issues faced by Hebrew philologists and Biblical theologians. The Dead Sea discoveries, the resurfacing of divergent textual forms in medieval manuscripts (e.g., in the Cairo Genizah), and the reevaluation of textual traditions preserved in ancient translations like the Septuagint or the Samaritan Pentateuch exhibit a textual plurality that challenges, and often even seems to contradict the concept of a linear relation between the different textual witnesses. Moreover, new approaches like the so-called “new philology” raise new questions and challenges. It imposes to reevaluate the textual history of the Hebrew Bible and very basic concepts of textual criticism, like “original,” “Urtext,” “archetype,” “authorship,” “redaction,” or even “text.”
Generally, in textual criticism, the aim is “to produce a text as close as possible to the original” (Maas, 2003, 1). However, the traditional definitions of concepts like “original” and “Urtext,” that are applied as points of departure, are far from being clear and often highly problematic. For Avalle, the concept of “original” is “l’un des concepts les plus fuyants et les plus ambigus de la critique textuelle” (Avalle, 1972, 33). Moreover, the observation that the concepts often seem to have been shaped by 19th century romanticism rather than by textual evidences, raises many questions: Is the original “the text that goes back to the author” (Dain, 1975, 103)? Is the original an autograph? Is the original an authentic text that represents the “volonté de l’auteur” (Avalle, 1972, 33), or even the latter’s “inner speech” before he starts to write (Froger, 1968, 6, for all these references, see Duval, 2015, 208-210).
And much more. See it all here.
“You should know that a certain Franciscan from France, whose name indeed was Franz, was here not many days since and had much conversation with me concerning the Scriptural basis for the doctrine of the adoration of the saints and their intercession for us. He was not able to convince me with the assistance of a single passage of Scripture that the saints do pray for us, as he had with a great deal of assurance boasted he should do. At last he went on to Basel [on 18 April, 1522] where he recounted the affair in an entirely different way from the reality—in fact he lied about it. So it seemed good to me to let you know about these things that you might not be ignorant of that Cumæan lion, if perchance he should ever turn your way.
“There followed within six days another strife with our brethren the preachers of the [different orders in Zurich, especially with the Augustinians]. Finally the burgomaster and the Council appointed for them three commissioners on whom this was enjoined—that Aquinas and the rest of the doctors of that class being put aside they should base their arguments alone upon those sacred writings which are contained in the Bible. This troubled those beasts so much that one brother, the father reader of the order of Preachers [i. e., the Dominicans] cut loose from us, and we wept—as one weeps when a cross-grained and rich stepmother has departed this life. Meanwhile there are those who threaten, but God will turn the evil upon His enemies.
“I suppose you have read the petition which some of us have addressed to the Bishop of Constance.… But I must return to Schuerer upstairs, where he is having some beer with several gentlemen and jokes will be in order.”*
* S.M. Jackson, Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland. p. 170–172.
R. Joseph Hoffmann describes redaction-
I have been a text-scholar in Biblical and classical studies for nearly (gasp!) forty years. It is time to complain about the co-option of the word “redaction” and the verb form “redacted” by the media and “news analysts” to mean blotting out, removal, sanitizing, eliminating, or censoring (as with the use of black rectangles). Redaction comes from the Latin redigere — to bring back or restore– and still in German (Redaktion) means editing in a general sense.. Specifically in textual studies, redaction-criticism (Redaktionsgeschichte) is a form of investigation in which multiple source-texts are reviewed to discover (for instance) the likely chronology of the versions,, or the reasons for compositional changes along the way.
It can involve the investigation of why such changes were made, and when, and where, and by whom–or the study of how multiple sources were combined (conflated) or separated into discrete sources–as in the case of the New Testament gospels. It involves a comparison of multiple texts to examine alteration over time. In this sense, classical and biblical scholars, for example, have been able to trace the dating and etiology of books and manuscripts from multiple books and sources–in short, a rather more interesting work and process than is indicated by a pack of “redactors” armed with black markers and political motives.
The press, as always, has no idea what the terms it uses mean.