Daily Archives: 9 Jan 2019

Two More Greek Papyri in the Green Collection: Exodus and Hebrews

Fun times.

Variant Readings

In my last post, I highlighted a papyrus of Genesis mentioned by Scott Carroll in his 2011 lecture in the “Passages” speakers series. Later in that same talk, Carroll singled out two other pieces in the collection, a papyrus leaf from a codex of Exodus in Greek and a fragment of a papyrus copy of Hebrews.

carroll hebrews exodus 2011

Here is some of what Carroll had to say about these pieces:

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On False Brethren

“Although this Church is never completely free from hypocrites and godless, yet she is bound both to unmask hypocrites so far as she can and by the keys committed to her by Christ to exclude the godless from her company according to Christ’s prescription, Mt. 18:17 (if he refuse to hear witnesses, tell it unto the church; and if he refuse to hear the church also, let him be unto thee as the Gentile and the publican), Rev. 2:2 (… that thou canst not bear evil men, and didst try them which call themselves apostles, and they are not, and didst find them false) … (I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there some that hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to cast a stumbling-block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit fornication); but powerfully to recall actual believers, who have relapsed into defection of life or faith, to serious repentance through the same discipline, as St. Paul advises, 1 Cor. 5:5 (deliver such a one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus).” — Heinrich Heppe, Reformed Dogmatics.

J.D. Greear Needs to Stop Talking About Church History and the Bible

He’s an embarrassment.  Besides leading his church to abandon worship (so families could worship themselves) a couple of Sunday’s back, he’s now blathered on about the Reformation.

… at the Cross Conference a few days ago, JD Greear, president of the Southern Baptist Convention and pastor of the multi-campus Summit megachurch in North Carolina, declares that God says we need to “shut up about the Reformation” because He is “not a God of the past.”

Greear probably doesn’t know it but every single thing mentioned in the Bible happened in the past.  The ignorant git continues, more ignorantly-

Basically what God says through Amos is if you’ll let me put it in colloquial language, “will you shut up about Gilgal and Beersheba?” I’m sick and tired of hearing about those places because I’m not a God who moved in the past. I’m a God who wants to move today in your present. I almost think, I’m on dangerous ground here…I almost think that God is saying to us “shut up about the Reformation.”

That’s not what Amos is about at all.  Neither is God saying we should shut up about the Reformation.

The only thing that the selection of Greear to head the SBC proves is that voters at the annual meeting don’t care a thing about a leader’s theological sense or biblical understanding: it’s just a popularity contest.  Greear is the pastor of a big church with ‘multiple campuses’ not because he’s a theologian (he isn’t) nor because he’s a biblical scholar (he clearly isn’t) but instead simply because he’s a showman.  A farce.

Greear, to borrow a phrase from Paul, should ‘keep silent in the church’.

Eternal Suffering

HOTTINGER: “Eternal (death) is the eternal condemnation of the impious after this life in hell—where separated from God’s blessed communion, in company with the devil and his angels, they will be subjected to infinite tortures in soul and body alike and will be tortured steadily and eternally”  — Heinrich Heppe, Reformed Dogmatics.

This is Your Brain on Pentebabbleism….

How Old is the Hebrew Bible

Oh boy!

Many scholars, largely disregarding linguistic data, insist that most or all of the Hebrew Bible was written in the second half of the first millennium BCE, during the Persian and/or Hellenistic periods, and draw the inference that there is little or no historical content that predates this era….The ages of the books of the Hebrew Bible span a vast chronological range, from the early Iron Age to the Greek age, which we can discern at different degrees of focus. There is much that we can know about these topics, more than most scholars are willing to grant.

Hendel and Joosten are on fire.

Quote of the Day: On Eternal Damnation

“It is rightly said that we are saved because of election; but it cannot with equal fitness be said that certain are damned because of reprobation. Election is the positive principium of salvation, but reprobation strictly speaking is not a principle but the removal of a principle. Nor can it be said strictly that men were ordained from eternity to damnation, unless with this addition: on account of sin”.  — Keckermann, in Heinrich Heppe’s Refromed Dogmatics.

They’ve ‘Discovered’ Noah’s Ark… Again… Using Satellites…


Your President…

Doesn’t know how to spell the word forest….  Let that sink in.  He can’t spell a simple word.

How a Pope Refusing to Pay a Debt Angered a Population and Made Reformation Possible

A thousand little details led to the causes of the Reformation in Zurich.  One was Zwingli’s unwillingness to support mercenary service.  Another was the desire of the Council to expand its own authority vis-a-vis Rome.  Still another was the anger of the populace about a payment to the City that Rome never made.  Here are the brief details:

On January 9, 1522, Adrian VI., the Dutch Pope, entered on his office. Known to him was the independent stand taken by Zurich, but shrewdly and kindly, for Adrian was a good man, he wrote to the Zurich authorities a pleasant letter, in which he expressed no blame, but on the contrary promised to pay the debt the papal treasury owed Zurich, when in funds. Well were it if it had been, for the money was not forthcoming, and the fact embittered the people against the papacy.

Would Zurich have broken completely with Rome if Adrian had paid?  Would the city have supported Zwingli?  It’s hard to say.  It is, though, important to remember that nothing ever happens because of one simple reason.  Not even Reformation.

Once Again, Remembering Emil Egli on the Anniversary of his Birth

egliYou’ve probably never heard of him (unless you’re a long time reader of the blog here), but Emil Egli was a brilliant historian.  Born on the 9th of December, 1848, he

… was a Swiss church historian. He studied theology, was ordained in 1870, and served in several villages of the canton of Zürich. In his student days he was deeply interested in historical studies. In 1873 appeared his important work, Die Schlacht bei Cappell 1531; in 1879, Die Züricher Wiedertäufer zur Reformationszeit, a brief product of his Aktensammlung zur Geschichte der Züricher Reformation in den Jahren 1519-1532, which he published (1879) with the support of Zürich and offers an uncommonly rich source on the early history of the Anabaptist movement. In 1887 followed a smaller volume, Die St. Galler Täufer.


Egli occupied himself principally with the Reformation in Switzerland. In 1879 he began his work at the university of Zürich as lecturer in church history, and in 1892 he was made a full professor. In addition to a series of shorter works he published Heinrich Bullingers Diarium des Jahres 1504-1574 in the second volume of the Quellen zur schweizerischen Reformationsgeschichte, which he founded. After 1897 he published a semiannual periodical, Zwingliana, and after 1899 two volumes of Analecta Reformatorica (documents and treatises on the history of Zwingli and his times; also biographies of Bibliander, Ceporin, Johannes Bullinger). In 1902 he provided for a new edition of the Kessler’s Sabbata (a publication of the historical association of St. Gall). With G. Finsler (Basel) he began the publication of the new edition of Zwingli’s works (Zwingli’s Werke, Leipzig, 1905 ff., in Corpus Reformatorum).

He was astonishing.  He is remembered.

Another Zwingli Film Poster: And This One is the Villain of the Tale

Every Pastor has a Konrad Hoffmann in his church.  This guy did his best to make Zwingli’s life a living hell.  He’s the villain of the tale.  I can’t wait to see how he’s played.