Daily Archives: 22 Nov 2018
You aren’t a martyr if you toss your body into a meat grinder – after you’ve been warned that the meat grinder is turned on and if you get near it you will die. You’re just, sadly, quite foolish.
And it stars Richard Goode. I was afraid it would be lost to posterity on facebook so I uploaded it to YouTube and am happy to make it available to everyone everywhere forever. You’re welcome. You’re. Welcome.
You can’t repent for sins you didn’t commit; and you shouldn’t feel guilt for acts you had no part in simply because a raft of souls wishes that you would. #Thanksgiving2018
Jon D. Wood
Reforming Priesthood in Reformation Zurich
Reformed Historical Theology 54
ISBN 13: 978-3-525-57092-0
The dramatic task of re-imagining clerical identity proved crucial to the Renaissance and Reformation. Jon Wood brings new light to ways in which that discussion animated reconfigurations of church, state, and early modern populace. End-Times considerations of Christian religion had played a part in upheavals throughout the medieval period, but the Reformation era mobilized that tradition with some new possibilities for understanding institutional leadership. Perceiving dangers of an overweening institution on the one hand and anarchic “priesthood of all believers” on the other hand, early Protestants defended legitimacy of ordained ministry in careful coordination with the state. The early Reformation in Zurich emphatically disestablished traditional priesthood in favour of a state-supported “prophethood” of exegetical-linguistic expertise. The author shows that Heinrich Bullinger’s End-Times worldview led him to reclaim for Protestant Zurich a notion of specifically clerical “priesthood,” albeit neither in terms of statist bureaucracy nor in terms of the traditional sacramental character that his precursor (Huldrych Zwingli) had dismantled. Clerical priesthood was an extraordinarily fraught subject in the sixteenth century, especially in the Swiss Confederation. Heinrich Bullinger’s private manuscripts helpfully supplement his more circumscribed published works on this subject. The argument about reclaiming a modified institutional priesthood of Protestantism also prompts re-assessment of broader Reformation history in areas of church-state coordination and in major theological concepts of “covenant” and “justification” that defined religious/confessional distinctions of that era.
Frank van der Pol
The Doctrine of Election in Reformed Perspective
Refo500 Academic Studies (R5AS) 51,
ISBN 13: 978-3-525-57070-8
In 11 essays The Doctrine of Election in Reformed Perspective reflect ongoing investigations concerning the doctrine of election, with special focus on the Synod of Dort 1618–19. Important lines of demarcation between different Reformed orthodox groups and denominations find their root divergence, as well as historical concentration point, in relation to this very issue. The ongoing research presented in this collection can open up a fresh field of fertile investigation for theological discussion. Moreover, she may lead to interdisciplinary perspectives and a cooperative approach to research, also beyond the field of theology. For this too is the field of philosophers and historians, those who trace the history of Christianity or are studying early modern Europe.
The volume consists of three sections. In the first Part three essays reflect historical and philosophical issues before the Synod of Dort. Part Two explores aspects of the Synod of Dort itself. The focus in Part Three is on the reception of the Synod of Dort. Finally, the following question is answered: How were the Canons of Dort regarded in the 17th–19th century, and what does the history of their editions tell us?
The editor, Frank van der Pol, was the program leader of the combined research group Early Modern Reformed Theology (EMRT) of the theological universities Apeldoorn and Kampen. In cooperation with the A Lasco Bibliothek Emden the EMRT organized an international conference on Oct. 29 and 30, 2014 about the doctrine of election in reformed perspective. The research group is convinced that the dual line of research on history and theology of the Reformation tradition must continue and be strengthened. On the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the Synod of Dort, the researchers, wanting to do their work in a broader context with a wider dialogue, make their proceedings accessible for more people and institutes by publishing them in this volume.
Darum sage ich euch: Sorgt euch nicht um euer Leben, was ihr essen werdet, noch um euren Leib, was ihr anziehen werdet. Ist nicht das Leben mehr als die Nahrung und der Leib mehr als die Kleidung? Schaut auf die Vögel des Himmels: Sie säen nicht, sie ernten nicht, sie sammeln nicht in Scheunen – euer himmlischer Vater ernährt sie. Seid ihr nicht mehr wert als sie? Wer von euch vermag durch Sorgen seiner Lebenszeit auch nur eine Elle hinzuzufügen?
Und was sorgt ihr euch um die Kleidung? Lernt von den Lilien auf dem Feld, wie sie wachsen: Sie arbeiten nicht und spinnen nicht, ich sage euch aber: Selbst Salomo in all seiner Pracht war nicht gekleidet wie eine von ihnen. Wenn Gott aber das Gras des Feldes, das heute steht und morgen in den Ofen geworfen wird, so kleidet, wie viel mehr dann euch, ihr Kleingläubigen!
Sorgt euch also nicht und sagt nicht: Was werden wir essen? Oder: Was werden wir trinken? Oder: Was werden wir anziehen? Denn um all das kümmern sich die Heiden. Euer himmlischer Vater weiss nämlich, dass ihr das alles braucht. Trachtet vielmehr zuerst nach seinem Reich und seiner Gerechtigkeit, dann wird euch das alles dazugegeben werden. Sorgt euch also nicht um den morgigen Tag, denn der morgige Tag wird für sich selber sorgen. Jeder Tag hat genug an seiner eigenen Last. — (Matt. 6:25-34)
Let them thank Yahweh for his faithful love, for his wonders for the children of Adam! Let them extol him in the assembly of the people, and praise him in the council of elders. He has turned rivers into desert, bubbling springs into arid ground, fertile country into salt-flats, because the people living there were evil. But he has turned desert into stretches of water, arid ground into bubbling springs, and has given the hungry a home, where they have built themselves a city. There they sow fields and plant vines, and reap a harvest of their produce. He blesses them and their numbers increase, he keeps their cattle at full strength. Their numbers had fallen, they had grown weak, under pressure of disaster and hardship; he covered princes in contempt, left them to wander in trackless wastes. But the needy he raises from their misery, makes their families as numerous as sheep. At the sight the honest rejoice, and the wicked have nothing to say. Who is wise? Such a one should take this to heart, and come to understand Yahweh’s faithful love (Ps. 107:31-43)