Daily Archives: 1 Jan 2018

EABS Call for Papers

Via Charlotte Hempel-

Call for Papers

EABS is excited to announce its tenth Graduate Symposium, which will take place at the Finnish Institute in Rome, from 23rd- 25th March 2018.

The symposium, which seeks to engender a supportive atmosphere for dialogue across a variety of biblical studies fields and subfields (Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, its reception/interpretation history, the ancient Near East, and any relevant cognate areas, New Testament, its reception/interpretation history, early Christianity, Rabbinics, Patristics and any relevant cognate areas, also, areas such as Qumran studies, Alexandrian Judaism, Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, etc.), welcomes PhD candidates and postdoctoral researchers to present on a topic related to their research area(s).

Participants may format their presentation according to their preference: paper, seminar discussion, poster or another form.

Every abstract will be anonymously reviewed by a team of scholars who will give feedback and suggestions for improvement, if necessary. Our goal is to assist in developing the abstracts to the best possible form and to encourage authors to submit them to research seminars of the 2018 EABS Annual Meeting. We also encourage authors to enter the EABS Student Prize by submitting their papers for evaluation after the symposium.

During the symposium, each student will be given 20 minutes to present his/her paper, which will be followed by an extended discussion. The EABS Graduate Symposium looks forward to welcoming some senior scholars who will offer feedback and share from their own experience in the field. In addition, the symposium looks forward to continuing its tradition of holding a joint trans-Atlantic session with graduate students from the University of Emory.

Candidates should submit their abstracts and/or posters of no more than 300 words to students@eabs.net no later than January 25th, 2018. Please do not forget to mention the preferred format in the abstract (i.e. paper, workshop, pre-circulated paper, discussion, poster, etc.). Participants have to be members of the EABS. The one-year membership for 2018 is €10.

General information
The EABS Graduate symposium is a weekend event supported by EABS and has been running every spring for the past seven years. It is a residential event run by and for graduates and emerging scholars. It is always kept small with about 12-14 papers and workshops over the course of the weekend and around 15 people in attendance. In the past, people have come from the USA, Israel, and across Europe to attend the event. At each event at least two senior scholars, including the current President of EABS, have been in attendance. Since 2010, there has been a joint session via video-conferencing with graduates and Professors from the University of Alberta, Canada. In 2015 and 2016 we were joined via video conference from colleagues at Emory University. The first symposium was held at Gladstone’s Library in Hawarden, Wales. In 2010 it took place near Gent, Belgium, in 2011 at St Patrick’s College, Maynooth, Ireland, in 2012 in Hamburg, Germany, in 2013 in Sheffield, England, in 2014 in Thessaloniki, Greece, in 2015 in Leuven, Belgium, in 2016 in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, and in 2017 in Munich, Germany.

Looking forward to hearing from you,

Batanayi I. Manyika
Graduate Student Representative

A New Discovery In Jerusalem

Via Joseph Lauer

This morning, Monday, January 1, 2018, the IAA circulated English and Hebrew press releases titled “”[Belonging] To the Governor of the City”: A Unique Stamped piece of clay from the First Temple Period, Inscribed in Ancient Hebrew Script, was Unearthed in the Israel Antiquities Authority Excavations in the Western Wall Plaza, Jerusalem.” The releases also announced that “The important find was discovered over the course of the IAA’s excavations at the site, together with the Western Wall Heritage Foundation. According to the excavator, Dr. Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, “the Bible mentions two governors of Jerusalem, and this finding thus reveals that such a position was actually held by someone in the city some 2700 years ago.””

Unfortunately, the release may not be read at the IAA’s website as “The IAA websites are temporarily unavailable due to maintenance”.  The IAA has posted the English release and a video to Facebook. See https://tinyurl.com/zcf3gen  and https://www.facebook.com/165143053508665/videos/1716208608402094/

Philipp Melanchthon: Der Reformator zwischen Glauben und Wissen. Ein Handbuch

This newly published work arrived in August for review from DeGruyter:

Written by a team of internationally renowned scholars, this newly conceived handbook provides a reliable introduction to the life, work, and impact of Philipp Melanchthon. It presents the latest research on Melanchthon’s role in Reformation history, but beyond this, reveals his importance in intellectual history as a universal scholar of the 16th century.

The publisher, first of all, has provided the TOC here.  Consequently, I won’t duplicate that material at this place.  Readers are encouraged to take a look before moving forward with this review.

A work as massive as this, containing all of the information which it does, is difficult to summarize in a short space.  Nonetheless, it’s worth the effort:  The volume at hand is a complete guide to Melanchthon’s life, work, theology, relationships, influences, and reception.  And the use of the word ‘complete’ is no exaggeration for effect.  Literally every aspect of Melanchthon-studies is included.  No stone is left unturned in the editor’s quest to give students of Melanchthon everything they need to know under one cover.

Naturally, not everything that can be said is said.  Instead, the volume is the perfect starting point for those wishing to examine, and understand, every aspect and corner and stone in studies of the greatest of the German Reformers (in truth, Philipp was even greater than Luther).

The philosophical section of the volume is outside my wheelhouse and I confess to being less interested in it than I was in other parts.  Indeed, the most engaging portions have to do, for me, with Melanchthon’s life and theology.  Secondly, I found the Reception of Melanchthon in other European lands to be particularly engaging precisely because how those outside Germany viewed him is such an interesting topic.  Thirdly, the section which discusses the various genres of Philipp’s works was also incredibly engaging.  The man was a true genius, interested in and contributing to so many fields of knowledge.

Indeed, the overarching ‘take-away’ from this important work is the fact that here Melanchthon is shown to be so much more than simply the sidekick of Martin Luther and the chap who helped him translate the New Testament because he was better at Greek than Luther was himself.  This tome is a wonderful instruction manual in Melanchthon-onia.

A few, a very few of the highlights of this collection of essays are (in order to provide potential readers with a sampling of the work):

Melanchthon hingegen gewann keinen sonderlich positiven Eindruck von Zwingli und bezweifelte, ob dieser überhaupt ein Christ sei (Scheible 1997a, 107). Sokames zu keinen weiteren direkten Begegnungen und Briefen zwischen den beiden Reformatoren mehr, doch herrschte in Zürich auch nach dem Zwinglis Tod im Jahr 1531 Melanchthon gegenüber eine freundliche Grundstimmung. Denn Melanchthon galt für Zwinglis Nachfolger als Vorsteher der Zürcher Kirche, Heinrich Bullinger, als große theologische und kirchenpolitische Autorität. Bekannt ist, dass der junge Student Bullinger, als er sich 1521/22 der Reformation zuwandte (Egli 1904, 6.14–15), stark von Melanchthons Loci communes beeindruckt gewesen war. Nach seiner Rückkehr in die Eidgenossenschaft hielt er zwischen 1523 und 1529 in Kappel Vorlesungen über Werke Melanchthons und verfasste einen – nicht erhaltenen – Kommentar zu zwei seiner Loci (Egli 1904, 8.11.13).


Melanchthon war persönlich anwesend auf den Reichstagen in Speyer 1529, Augsburg 1530 sowie Regensburg 1541. Von reichspolitischer Relevanz war außerdem seine Teilnahme anmehreren Reichsreligionsgesprächen, insbesondere den Verhandlungen zwischen Theologen und Kirchenpolitikern in Worms 1540/41 und Regensburg 1541, die zeitgleich mit dem Reichstag stattfanden. Zum Reichsreligionsgespräch in Regensburg im Jahr 1546 wurde Melanchthon nicht abgesandt; nach den Regensburger Erfahrungen fünf Jahre zuvor war er auch froh darüber, sich nicht an diesen Wortspaltereien beteiligen zu müssen (MBW 4140: „Sed illas conventuum σκιομαχίας non amo.“, MBW.T 15, 79,7– 8). Das letzte Reichsreligionsgespräch, an dem Melanchthon persönlich beteiligt war, fand 1557 in Worms statt.

And there are, as well, brilliant illustrations, including this one in the chapter discussing images of Melanchthon through the years-


Robert Boissard, Bildnis Philipp Melanchthon, aus: Jean Jacques Boissard, Icones quinquaginta virorum illustrium, Frankfurt a. M. 1597–99, Radierung/Kupferstich , 13,7 × 10,6 cm, Melanchthonhaus Bretten.

Melancthon was the most influential German of the 16th century.  It’s true, Luther is better known.  But once one learns what Melanchthon accomplished one swiftly discovers that Luther’s influence was narrowly framed (in theological and linguistic circles) whereas Melanchthon’s work touches every corner of academic inquiry.

This volume is as heartily recommended as I can manage.  do read it.

Scripture for the Day

Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; the first heaven and the first earth had disappeared now, and there was no longer any sea. I saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride dressed for her husband.  Then I heard a loud voice call from the throne, ‘Look, here God lives among human beings. He will make his home among them; they will be his people, and he will be their God, God-with-them.  He will wipe away all tears from their eyes; there will be no more death, and no more mourning or sadness or pain. The world of the past has gone.’ Then the One sitting on the throne spoke. ‘Look, I am making the whole of creation new. Write this, “What I am saying is trustworthy and will come true.” – (Rev. 21:1-5)

New Year’s Day Commentary Sale

From now through midnight Eastern Time on 1 January you can get the Commentary for $75.

The ‘Person in the Pew’ commentary series is the only series of Commentaries written by a single person on the entire Bible and aimed at layfolk in modern history.


The books are in PDF format from yours truly for the just, again, $75.  Acquire them by clicking my PayPal Link.  It’s a good commentary.  Here’s what Athalya Brenner thinks of it-

Jim West is a man of very decided opinions. However, and this is much to his credit, in the Commentary I’ve read he does not advocate his opinions about Scripture. What he does is explain and simplify, working from the original language, without being simplistic. And this is to be commended. – Athalya Brenner

A Bit More, On Zwingli’s Birth

A full account of the event:


HULDREICH ZWINGLI, the Reformer of German Switzerland, was born on Thursday, January 1, 1484, in a house which still stands in well-nigh perfect preservation. It is in the hamlet called Lysighaus, i. e., Elizabeth house, ten minutes’ walk from the parish church of Wildhaus, or, as it was then called, Wildenhaus, a village in the Toggenburg Valley, in Switzerland, at its highest point, 3600 feet above sea-level, and about forty miles east by south of Zurich. It is perhaps twenty-five feet deep by thirty feet wide, and, like many other Swiss peasant houses, has a peaked roof and overhanging eaves. It is two stories high, has a hall running through the ground floor, and the large room on the right as you enter is shown as that in which the great event occurred.

Zwingli was not born in poverty, as his future fellow Reformer Luther had been seven weeks before, at Eisleben, twenty-five miles west of Halle, in Saxony; nor of common people, nor was he raised in the school of adversity.

On the contrary, the family were in comfortable circumstances, and were prominent in their community. The carved rafters in their living-room bear silent testimony to this fact, as the poorer people did not have them. But we are not left to that sort of evidence. Zwingli’s father was, as his father’s father had been, the Ammann, i. e., chief magistrate, or bailiff, of the village, and his father’s brother was the village priest; while his mother’s brother Johann became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Fischingen; and a near relative was abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Old St. John’s, only two miles west from Wildhaus.

Further proof that Zwingli’s parents were well-to-do or could command money is the fact that Zwingli received about as good an education as the times afforded, and yet there is no evidence that his father or other relatives had to pinch themselves to bring this about.

Zwingli’s father was a farmer and raiser of flocks and herds. Three of Zwingli’s younger brothers and two of his older followed his father in these pursuits, but Zwingli himself left home too young to have had any practical acquaintance with the life, except perhaps for a few months.

The allusions he makes to his childhood are interesting, and it were good if they were more numerous. Thus he says: “We recognise the profound compassion of God in that He was willing to have His Son, in the tenderness of His youth, suffer poverty for our sakes, so that we, instructed by our parents from our earliest years, might bear even with joyfulness our evil things and deprivation itself.”

Again he says: “My grandmother has often told me a story about the way Peter and the Lord conducted themselves toward one another. It seems that they used to sleep in the same bed. But Peter was on the outside, and every morning the woman of the house would waken him by pulling his hair.”

Again: “When I was a child, if any one said a word against our Fatherland, I bristled up instantly.”

Again: “From boyhood I have shown so great and eager and sincere a love for an honourable Confederacy that I trained myself diligently in every art and discipline for this end.”*

Happy birthday, Huldrych!
S. M. Jackson, Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland (1484–1531), pp. 49-51.

A Day Full of Zwingli, Celebrating Zwingli’s Birth

First, what do you need to read in order to really know Zwingli (and actually know him- not like the pretenders who only know some snippet about him because that’s what they’ve heard from some silly Lutheran partisan or Wesleyan ignoramus)-


FOR A FULL BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ZWINGLI: FINSLER, GEORG. Zwingli-Bibliographie. Verzeichniss der gedruckten Schriften von und über Ulrich Zwingli. Zürich: Orell Füssli, 1897.


HULDREICH ZWINGLI’S WERKE. Erste vollständige Ausgabe durch Melchior Schuler und Joh. Schulthess. Zürich: Friedrich Schulthess, 1828–61. 8 vols. in 11 parts, with Supplement, 8vo.

The German writings: vol. i. (1522–March, 1524), 1828, pp. viii., 668; vol. ii., 1st part (1526–January, 1527), 1830, iv., 506; vol. ii., 2nd part (1522–July, 1526), 1822, viii., 531; vol. ii., 3rd part (1526–1531), 1841, iv., III. The Latin writings: vol. iii. (1521–1526), 1832, viii., 677; vol. iv. (1526 sqq.), 1841, iv., 307; vol. v., 1835, iv., 788; vol. vi., 1st part, 1836, 766; vol. vi., 2nd part, 1838, 340; vol. vii., 1830, viii., 580; vol. viii., 1842, iv., 715. Supplement by Georg Schulthess u. Gaspar Marthaler, 1861 (both German and Latin), iv., 74.

Vols, v., vi., parts 1 and 2, contain Zwingli’s commentaries, which are on Genesis, Exodus, Psalms, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Our Lord’s Passion, Resurrection, and Ascension, Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 and 2 Thessalonians, James, Hebrews, and 1 John, all in Latin; vols. vii. and viii. contain the correspondence.

A new edition of the Complete Works is in preparation. It is greatly needed, although that now extant is worthy of the highest praise. It superseded the two previous editions, the first by Rudolf Gualther, Zwingli’s son-in-law, Zürich: Froschauer, 1545, 4 vols., 4to; the second is a reprint, Zürich: Froschauer, 1581, 4 vols., 4to.


M. Huldreich Zwingli’s sämmtliche Schriften im Auszuge. Zürich: Gessner, 1819. 2 vols., 8vo (pp. xxv., 555, 640).
Topically arranged by thorough Zwingli students. Very convenient to find out exactly what Zwingli said upon any theme, which the ample index enables one to do. The contents are entirely in a modern German translation of the original Latin and old Zurich German. A reprint with references to the Schuler and Schulthess edition of Zwingli mentioned above would be a worthy undertaking.

BAUR, AUGUST. Zwinglis Theologie. Ihr Werden und ihr System. Halle: Max Niemeyer, 1885–89. 2 vols., 8vo (pp. viii., 543; ix., 864).
The classic work on Zwingli’s theology.


Archiv für die schkweizerischen Reformationsgeschichte. Herausgegeben auf Veranstaltung des schweizerischen Piusvereins durch die Direction: Graf Theodor Scherer-Boccard, Friedrich Fiala, Peter Bannwart. Freiburg im Br.: Herder, 1868–75. 3 vols., 8vo (pp. lxxvi., 856; vi., 557; vi., 693).
These volumes tell the story from the Roman Catholic side.

BULLINGER, HEINRICH. Reformationsgeschichte nach dem Autographon. Herausgegeben auf Veranstaltung der vaterländisch-historischen Gesellschaft in Zürich von J. J. Hottinger und H. H. Vögeli. Frauenfeld: Ch. Beyel, 1838–40. 3 vols., 8vo (pp. xix., 446; viii., 404; viii., 371).  Bullinger was Zwingli’s successor; an honest man and a diligent collector of authentic material. He wrote in the Zurich Swiss German, which has to be learnt by those familiar only with the modern High German.

CHRISTOFFEL, RAGET. Huldreich Zwingli. Leben und ausgewählte Schriften. Elberfeld: R. L. Friderichs, 1857. 8vo (pp. xiv., 414; writings, 351).  The same translated by John Cochran: Zwingli; or, The Rise of the Reformation in Switzerland. A life of the Reformer, with some notices of his time and contemporaries, by R. Christoffel, Pastor of the Reformed Church, Wintersingen, Switzerland. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1858. 8vo (pp. vii., 461).  The translation omits entirely the selected writings of Zwingli, but otherwise is eminently satisfactory. The book itself is topically arranged, and is entirely reliable, but Christoffel gives no references, and so only one familiar with the writings of Zwingli knows whence his numerous and judicious quotations come. Christoffel made the transfusions of Zwingli’s treatises into modern High German, referred to below, and in the notes in this book.

EGLI, EMIL. Actensammlung zur Geschichte der Zürcher Reformation in den Jahren 1519–1533. Mit Unterstützung der Behörden von Canton und Stadt Zürich. Zürich: J. Schabelitz, 1879. 8vo (pp. viii., 947).  It is a pity that this book is so scarce. It should be reprinted. It collects innumerable items of great interest to the Zwingli student in the very language of the time, and presents a picture of Zurich life of all kinds by contemporaries. Its composition was a gigantic labour, only possible to youth, enthusiasm, and indefatigable, intelligent industry.

MOERIKOFER, JOHANN CASPAR. Ulrich Zwingli nach den urkundlichen Quellen. Leipzig: S. Herzel, 1867–69. Two parts, 8vo (pp. viii., 351; vi., 525). The author knew his subject thoroughly. His matter is arranged in short chapters, his references are mostly to manuscript sources, and singularly few are directly to Zwingli’s writings.

MYCONIUS, OSWALD. Vita Huldrici Zwinglii. This is the original life, very interesting but a mere sketch. The best edition is in the Vitæ quatuor Reformatorum [Luther by Melanchthon, Melanchthon by Camerarius, Zwingli by Myconius, and Calvin by Beza], edited by Neander, Berlin, 1841, pp. 14.

STAEHELIN, RUDOLF. Huldreich Zwingli. Sein Leben und Wirken, nach den Quellen dargestellt. Basel: Benno Schwabe, 1895–97. 2 vols., 8vo (pp. viii., 535; 540). The author, who died in 1900, was for many years Professor of Theology in the University of Basel and lectured upon Zwingli. The book has the calm strength of easy mastery of its materials. Only one thing detracts in the smallest degree from its usefulness to students of Zwingli,—the author frequently puts several references to the writings of Zwingli together at the bottom of the page in such a way that they are hard to separate. If these references could be assigned to the places where they properly belong, then Staehelin’s book would be in all respects beyond criticism. As it is, it will probably retain the first place among lives of Zwingli for years to come—at least until the appearance of that new edition of Zwingli’s Works so eagerly awaited.

STRICKLER, JOHANN. Actensammlung zur Schweizerischen Reformationsgeschichte in den Jahren 1521–1532 im Anschluss an die gleichzeitigen eidgenössischen Abschiede. Zürich: Meyer u. Zeller, 1878–84. 5 vols., 8vo.  Vol. i. (1521–1528), pp. vii., 724; vol. ii. (1529–1530), 819; vol. iii. (1531, Jan.–Oct. 11), 647; vol. iv. (1531, Oct. 11,–Dec., 1532), 736; vol. v. (1521–1532), 172, with bibliographical appendix, 81.  Here are presented the raw materials of history in the shape of documents of all descriptions, chronologically arranged, as in Egli. The labour of compiling these volumes must have been immense.

VÖGELIN, J. K., GEROLD MEYER VON KNONAU, and others. Historisch-geographischer Atlas der Schweiz in 15 Blättern. Zürich: F. Schulthess, 1868. 2nd ed., 1870. Folio.

VÖGELIN, SALOMON. Das alte Zürich. Zürich: Orell, Fues & Co., 1828. New ed., much enlarged, 1878–90. 2 vols., 8vo (pp. xvii., 671; viii., 788). Invaluable, but so peculiarly arranged that consultation is difficult.


Zwingliana. Mittheilungen zur Geschichte Zwinglis und der Reformation. Herausgegeben von der Vereinigung für das Zwinglimuseum in Zurich. Zürich, 1897 sqq.  Two parts a year, edited by that tireless Zwingli student and scholar, Professor Emil Egli. Every Zwingli student should subscribe to it.


Zeitgemässe Auswahl aus Huldreich Zwingli’s practischen Schriften. Aus dem Alt-Deutschen und Lateinischen in’s Schriftdeutsche übersetzt und mit den nothwendigsten geschichtlichen Erläuterungen versehen, von R. Christoff el, V.D.M. Zürich: Meyer u. Zeller, 1843–1846. 12 parts.

Translations of more or less complete selections into modern high German are given by R. Christoffel in the Appendix to his biography as mentioned above, and by C. Sigwart in the Appendix to his sketch of Zwingli (in Die vier Reformatoren, Stuttgart, 1862), pp. 336–406; of especial interest is the first Bernese sermon in 1528, pp. 381–405; the second Bernese sermon is translated by R. Nesselmann (Buck der Predigten, Elbing, 1858), pp. 689–692.

In old English translations appeared of Zwingli’s “Confession of Faith,” two translations (Zürich, March, 1543, and by Thomas Cotsforde, Geneva, 1555); of his “Pastor,” London, 1550; of his “Certain Precepts,” [which is the same as “The Christian Education of Truth “and “Eine kurze Unterweisung,” mentioned on previous pages] London, 1548; and “Short Pathway to the Right and True Understanding of the Holy and Sacred Scriptures,” [i. e., Zwingli’s sermon on the Word of God,] Worcester, 1550, translated by John Veron.1

There are several others more modern but these classics are indispensable for anyone interested in understanding Zwingli.  If readers are interested – I’m happy to send along some suggestions.

Reading Zwingli at first hand is now easier than ever before, simply by visiting the University of Zurich’s web page which contains his theological treatises and letters.  That, of course, is where everyone should start.  Zwingli’s theological treatises can be accessed here and his letters here.

1Jackson, S. M. (1901). Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland (1484–1531) (pp. xxi–xxvi).

Happy New Year!