The distinction between Law and Gospel, for Luther, is about how the human person is justified by faith alone apart from works in the event of Christ and the encounter with God in Christ. The offense in this is that works, according to Luther, have no meritorious component, there’s no way to hold God to the bargain: I’ve done my part now you have to do yours. Rather, we are forced to walk in the darkness of faith and trusting fully this God as revealed by Christ, placing all of our hope and assurance in God, by faith in Christ, by the power of the Holy Spirit.
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