A New Essay From Israel Finkelstein on the Arad Ostracon

This new essay

… presents one track of work of the digital epigraphy group at TAU; we present the surprising results of multi-spectral imaging of the back side of Ostracon 16 from Arad, considered to be blank:

S. Faigenbaum-Golovin, A. Mendel-Geberovich, A. Shaus, B. Sober, M. Cordonsky, D. Levin, M. Moinester, B. Sass, E. Turkel, E. Piasetzky and I. Finkelstein, Multispectral Imaging Reveals Biblical-Period Inscription Unnoticed for Half a Century, Plos One June 14th, 2017.

We present the results of multi-spectral imaging. There is a lesson here: in sites/strata which may possibly reveal ostraca, multi-spectral imaging must be used in a systematic way.

People Really Hate Morals and Ethics

Otherwise why would they do such a thing?

Capitol police arrested a man after Arkansas’ new Ten Commandments monument was smashed to pieces when someone rammed a vehicle into it early Wednesday, less than 24 hours after the 6-foot (1.8 meter) granite statue was placed on state Capitol grounds.

Secretary of State’s Office spokesman Chris Powell said capitol police arrested the male suspect early Wednesday.

The driver is identified in an arrest report as Michael Tate Reed of Van Buren, Arkansas. A Facebook Live video shot early Wednesday and posted on an account belonging to a Michael Reed appears to show the destruction of the monument.

What a tool.

A Brief History of Jerusalem: From the Earliest Settlement to the Destruction of the City in AD 70

Jerusalem is one of the cities in the world on which most intensive archaeological research has been conducted. Nevertheless, the architectural history of the city resembles a puzzle of which only few pieces are known, which, moreover, belong to different historical levels.

Since 1838, numerous archaeological investigations have taken place. The most important discoveries were made in the course of excavations conducted by Kathleen Kenyon, Benjamin Mazar, Nahman Avigad and Yigal Shiloh. Although all four have only published preliminary, roughly sketched initial reports, on the basis of their results an overall picture of the pre-Hellenistic history of the city was developed in the 1970s and 1980s, possessing an almost canonical status for a long time.

The last excavation reports have only been published in recent years – still incomplete – and show findings which do not fit into the established picture. Moreover, there have been new excavations which are likely to call the current picture into question even further.

Therefore, not only archaeological investigations into the settlement history of the western Jordanian hillcountry and the re-adjustment of pottery chronology, but also and especially these new findings in Jerusalem itself require a revision of the conventional overall picture.

This Brief History of Jerusalem, with a critical discussion of current attempts, creates a synthesis of the findings in order to present a new paradigm for discussion. 

Zwingli on the Death Sin Brings, and the Slavery

Zwinglidenkmal_EinweihungIn John 8:34, Christ says: “Everyone that committeth sin is the bond-servant of sin.” Adam sinned. Therefore he became the slave of sin.

Paul, writing to the Romans, puts it thus, Rom. 6:16: “Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves as servants to obey, his servants ye are whom ye obey?” Adam yielded himself to sin, for if he had not yielded himself, he never would have touched the forbidden fruit. Therefore he became its servant and slave. For unless, resolved to make himself like God, skilled in the knowledge of good and evil, he had first yielded himself to the counsel of the Devil, he would have had such a repugnance to the fruit that he would not have deigned to look at it.

Our first parent, then—not to go on offering kindly excuses—willingly and gladly yielded himself to the servitude of sin. Now, by virtue of his condition, a slave neither can nor ought to listen to anyone but the master to whom he has bound himself. Man, therefore, meditates the sin which his master orders.

But there is sin the moment man, disregarding the law of the Creator, has preferred to follow himself, rather than the standard of his Leader and Lord. He is the slave, I was saying, of him to whom he has gone over. But he has gone over to himself, abandoning the love of God through love of self. He is, therefore, his own slave: he loves himself more than God, more than anyone even. And this, at last, is to be dead, this is the death that is sin, this is the character of corrupted and fallen man.

Bravo, dear Huldrych.  Bravo.

Luther: on the Privileged Elite

It is a result of their lack of social concern, that they adopt the attitude that only they themselves should be free and rich, have enough and all the pleasures, live without worry, and have every security. They want to be socially uncommitted and to have special privileges, and so St. Paul calls them aspondos, those who refuse social commitment, those who are antisocial, those whose possessions no one can enjoy but who nevertheless desire to enjoy those of everyone else, who desire all the advantages but will have none of the disadvantages. All this is intolerable in any community. It is not only against Christian love but contrary to natural fairness and all human reason.

Luther, the Prophet addressing these, our own times.