Here’s a neat little post by Simone Venturini.
Between 1946 and 1947, a pastor of the Bedouin tribe Ta’amireh was herding his flock in the area called Khirbet Qumran (i.e. the Qumran ruins). At some point, perhaps to drive out some animal, he throws a stone. It ends in a cave. He hears a noise like terracotta objects that break. He enters the cave. The epic of the Qumran discoveries starts.