David in Scholarship and the Media

ASOR has posted this good essay on that topic-

Oh how the mighty had fallen! As our college Juan Manuel Tebes recently described here on the ASOR blog, the too-and-fro over the historicity of David and Solomon’s kingdom may recently have begun to tip just that much back towards a positive historical reconstruction of our biblical description of the United Monarchy. Of course there are not a few scholars out there, such as Amihai Mazar, Thomas Levy and Baruch Halpern, who would probably say that David and Solomon never went away. They have been some of the major voices against a line of scholarship that has argued that a) we have misdated archaeological strata previously assigned to the United Monarchy in the tenth century and that b) the biblical picture of David and Solomon’s time, while it might contain a few historical memories, is largely an ideological account retrojected back by authors writing during the later Judean monarchy, say around the 7th BCE. I suspect that proponents of this line of thought, especially its leader Israel Finkelstein and some of his Tel Aviv University colleagues, would probably say that there is no such resurgence in the historicity of David and Solomon.