Daily Archives: 28 Mar 2014

A Ringing Endorsement…. Sort Of

An endorsement for the commentary from Michael Barber !!!!

‘I’m sure the real Antichrist would hate your learned works on scripture!’

Or in other words, if anyone doesn’t like your work, it’s because they are the Antichrist!!!)

Two New Essays By A. Fantalkin and I. Finkelstein, et al.

Towards an Absolute Chronology for the Aegean Iron Age: New Radiocarbon Dates from Lefkandi, Kalapodi and Corinth.

The relative chronology of the Aegean Iron Age is robust. It is based on minute stylistic changes in the Submycenaean, Protogeometric and Geometric styles and their sub-phases. Yet, the absolute chronology of the time-span between the final stages of Late Helladic IIIC in the late second millennium BCE and the archaic colonization of Italy and Sicily toward the end of the 8th century BCE lacks archaeological contexts that can be directly related to events carrying absolute dates mentioned in Egyptian/Near Eastern historical sources, or to well-dated Egyptian/Near Eastern rulers. The small number of radiocarbon dates available for this time span is not sufficient to establish an absolute chronological sequence. Here we present a new set of short-lived radiocarbon dates from the sites of Lefkandi, Kalapodi and Corinth in Greece. We focus on the crucial transition from the Submycenaean to the Protogeometric periods. This transition is placed in the late 11th century BCE according to the Conventional Aegean Chronology and in the late 12th century BCE according to the High Aegean Chronology. Our results place it in the second half of the 11th century BCE.*

And then

NAUKRATIS AS A CONTACT ZONE: REVEALING THE LYDIAN CONNECTION

The present paper offers a new theory with regard to the Greek presence at Naukratis during the late 7th and the first half of the 6th century BC, emphasising the hitherto acknowledged role of Lydians as mediators between Egypt and Greeks. After establishing a reliable chronological framework for Naukratis’ foundation, it is suggested that the initial establishment of Greek commercial settlement at Naukratis should be seen as a by-product of the treaty that was contracted between Lydia and Miletus toward the end of the 7th century BC. Concerning the next significant phase of Naukratis’ history, which took place during the reign of Amasis and was accompanied by administrative reform and the construction of the Hellenion, it is suggested that only the Greek poleis that found themselves under the aegis of the Lydian empire, or who were on friendly terms with it, could officially operate on Egyptian soil during this period. Revealing the Lydian connection behind the commercial activities of Greeks in Naukratis, against the background of Lydian imperial aspirations, allows better understanding of contact zones in antiquity.**
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* PLOS ONE | http://www.plosone.org 1 December 2013 | Volume 8 | Issue 12 | e83117
** KULTURKONTAKTE IN ANTIKEN WELTEN: VOM DENKMODELL ZUM FALLBEISPIEL: Proceedings des internationalen Kolloquiums aus Anlass des 60. Geburtstages von Christoph Ulf, Innsbruck, 26. bis 30. Januar 2009 Herausgegeben von ROBERT ROLLINGER und KORDULA SCHNEGG, (COLLOQUIA ANTIQUA, PEETERS LEUVEN – PARIS – WALPOLE, MA 2014).

Manchester United Will Lose, Again…

Saturday will feature a string of excellent games!  Aston Villa will defeat Man United; Bayern Munich will win no matter who they play; Chelsea will beat Crystal Palace like a borrowed mule; and Man City will obliterate Arsenal.   It will be glorious.

footie

Luther: On Books and Writing Them

Luther observes

… it has begun to rain and snow books and teachers, many of which already lie there forgotten and moldering. Even their names are not remembered any more, despite their confident hope that they would eternally be on sale in the market and rule churches.

The fact is, most people’s works are, and probably should be, forgotten.  Rob Bell’s ‘best seller’ is already in the dollar bin and serving across the land as a doorstop or couch leg (as is fitting for that Dreck).

And then, if one wishes to write in such a way that said writing matters, it must be firmly based in study.  But not just study.  There is, after all, a right way and a wrong way of proceeding.

I want to point out to you a correct way of studying theology, for I have had practice in that. If you keep to it, you will become so learned that you yourself could (if it were necessary) write books just as good as those of the fathers and councils, even as I (in God) dare to presume and boast, without arrogance and lying, that in the matter of writing books I do not stand much behind some of the fathers.

Of my life I can by no means make the same boast. This is the way taught by holy King David (and doubtlessly used also by all the patriarchs and prophets) in the one hundred nineteenth Psalm. There you will find three rules, amply presented throughout the whole Psalm. They are Oratio, Meditatio, Tentatio.*

Good advice if ever there were such.

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*M. Luther, Luther’s works, vol. 34: Career of the Reformer IV, p. 284.

Jacob Wright on ‘Noah’

In the latest episode of Emory Looks at Hollywood series, Jacob Wright, Associate Professor of Hebrew Bible at Emory’s Candler School of Theology, explores interpretations and the origin of Noah’s story in the Bible’s book of Genesis.

Dadgum you Jacob Wright, forcing me to think better of something I had no interest in thinking well of.  You rabble rouser! [Although I still have many reservations…]

Answering Critics With Luther

In his always delightful ‘Open Letter on Translating’ (which I read, it seems, almost every 3 months), Luther writes

There is a saying, “He who builds along the road has many masters.” That is the way it is with me too. Those who have never even been able to speak properly, to say nothing of translating, have all at once become my masters and I must be the pupil of them all. If I were to have asked them how to put into German the first two words of Matthew’s Gospel, Liber Generationis, none of them would have been able to say Quack!

And now they sit in judgment on my whole work! Fine fellows! That is the way it was with St. Jerome too when he translated the Bible. Everybody was his master. He was the only one who was totally incompetent. And people who were not worthy to clean his shoes criticized the good man’s work.

It takes a great deal of patience to do a good thing publicly, for the world always wants to be Master Know-it-all. It must always be putting the bit under the horse’s tail, criticizing everything but doing nothing itself. That is its nature; it cannot get away from it.*

Kierkegaard said the same thing, less charitably: ‘Critics are like eunuchs. They know what must be done, but they cannot manage to do it themselves’.

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*M. Luther, Luther’s works, vol. 35: Word and Sacrament I, pp. 183–184.

The 80th Anniversary of the Barmen Declaration

Reformiert-Info has loads of great materials for this important document’s anniversary.  Give it a look.

You Reap What You Sow, Mr Road Rage