On Judaisms- an observation. Judaism is not now, nor has it ever been, a monolith. Any more than Christianity.
Jews in Jesus’ day argued as much among themselves as Jews of our day. This is why all talk of ‘the Jews’ or even ‘Jews’ requires extensive qualification and why New Testament scholars need to be much more careful in describing ‘Judaism’. The general population isn’t equipped to know which fragment of the many Judaisms are in mind when writers use the word ‘Jew’.