Archive for the ‘Church History’ Category
Now here’s a treasure trove my friends- the State Archives of Zurich, online.
H. Zwingli wrote a brief letter to Philipp of Hesse on the 30th of August, 1530, informing him that the requested publication of the sermon on Providence Zwingli had preached at Marburg and which Philipp appreciated so much was printed in Latin and would be on the way shortly.
Zwingli’s letter – written in German – begins
Gnad und frid von gott bevor…
and he meant it. Zwingli liked Philipp and was genuinely concerned that the Landgrave understand his views precisely.
The sermon itself was, naturally, greatly expanded. It remains one of Zwingli’s most interesting and widely read books. Following a letter of dedication to Philipp, Zwingli begins thusly:
Providence must exist, because the supreme good necessarily cares for and regulates all things.
The supreme good is not so called because it is above all goods, as if there were some goods that were good in their own nature but were surpassed by this good, just as gold surpasses the value of silver though both are valuable. It is called the supreme good because it is the only thing good by nature, and every good that can be imagined is itself really this supreme good. This Christ set forth by the words: “Why callest thou me good? There is none good but God” [Matth. 19:17]. In these words we see that God alone is good in the sense of being an absolutely and perfectly good being, and that consequently there can be nothing good which is not He, and, in short, that the things which are called good, as “all that he had made was very good,” and “every creation of God’s is good,” are good not by nature but by sharing His goodness, or rather, by derivation. That is, they are good in so far as they are from that supremely good being and in that good being and to the glory of that good being.*
*The Latin Works of Huldreich Zwingli, Volume 2. (W. J. Hinke, Ed.) (pp. 130–131).
An interesting piece worth your time on the topic of various Churches in Zurich and their fates.
Dreizehn Kirchen wurden im Kanton Zürich in den letzten 90 Jahren abgebrochen, fünf davon sprengte man. Vernachlässigbare Zahlen bei 1700 abgerissenen Gebäuden allein im letzten Jahr? Nicht bei den Kirchen. Sie tragen eine grosse Symbolkraft und prägen die Ortsbilder, ihr Abbruch oder gar die Sprengung steht immer im Fokus der Öffentlichkeit.
A piece not treading the usual ground. The destruction of a church is always a matter of interest (at least to me). Especially when they are architecturally beautiful.
In 1518 Frederick the Wise inquired of Reuchlin, called the “phœnix of Germany,” for a Professor of Greek in his new university. Reuchlin recommended his nephew, Master Philip Schwartzerd of Bretten, and declared, “He will serve your Electoral Grace with honor and praise. Of this I have no doubt, for I know no one among the Germans who surpasses him, except Erasmus of Rotterdam, who is a Hollander.”
Melanchthon accepted the Elector’s call, and entered Wittenberg, August 25 [sic!], 1518. Four days later he delivered his inaugural. His subject was: The Improvement of the studies of Youth (De corrigendis adolescentiae studiis).
Everybody was delighted. Luther was in ecstasy, and commended the youthful professor as “worthy of all honor,” and as “very learned and highly cultured. His lecture room is filled with students. All the theological students, the highest, the middle, and the lowest classes, study Greek.”*
The correct date was 22 August, not 25 August (as our author mistakenly suggests). That error aside, the remainder is right. Luther was thrilled and Melanchthon became in time, in all probability, the most important representative of the Lutheran reformation. And he was a much nicer person than Luther although he did believe in astrology… but I suppose no one is perfect.
*The confessional history of the Lutheran church (p. 10).
Diese Woche findet an der Universität Zürich die internationale Konferenz “Hör nicht auf zu singen, Zeuginnen der Schweizer Reformation” statt. “Hör nicht auf zu singen” so ermutigte der sterbende Matthäus Zell seine Frau Katharina ihren Glauben öffentlich zu verkündigen. Die Konferenz diskutiert u.A. den Einfluss der Reformation auf Frauen- und Männerrollen und will auch die vielen oft noch unbekannten Frauen in der Schweizer Reformationsgeschichte eine Stimme geben.
Via (along with more photos).
The two parties became more and more enraged against each other. Calvin’s eloquence gave him a decided superiority in the little republic. On the 24th of July 1547 he wrote to Viret:—
“I continue to employ my usual severity while laboring to correct the prevailing vices, and especially those of the young. The right-thinking tell me of the dangers by which I am surrounded, but I take no heed of this, lest I should seem too careful for my personal safety. The Lord will provide such means of escape for me as He sees good.”
The families which belonged to the libertine party took a very formidable position; but Calvin remained master of the field, and never ceased to avail himself of his office as a preacher to attack his opponents. Somewhat later, that is August 21, 1547, he states in a letter to Farel that
“letters were daily brought him from Lyons, from which he learned that he had been killed ten times over.” “Amadeus is in France; his wife is with her father, where she plays the Bacchanal according to her usual fashion. We besought the council that, if she showed true repentance, all the past might be forgotten. But this has not occurred, and she is so far gone as to have cut off all hopes of pardon. I will seek Penthesilea, when the season for administering the Lord’s Supper arrives.”*
Calvin- the guy unafraid to put the vin in vindictive. And who can blame him. Libertines… blech.
*The Life and Times of John Calvin, the Great Reformer (Vol. 2, p. 61).