Category Archives: Church History

Today With Zwingli “In catabaptistarum strophas elenchus”

190043Vetus dictum est, fratres carissimi, malorum uberem esse proventum, quod adeo verum est, ut nihil ęque. Posteaquam enim quorundam studiis vel tantillum licet per nostram sive inertiam sive cęcitatem, iam modum eis ponere sic nesciunt, ut et perire ipsi et perdere alios malint, quam ab instituto revocari, cuius rei exemplum cum olim cum adhuc inter homines versaretur Christus, tum hac nostra tempestate qum verbi sui lucernam redaccendit, nostro nimirum bono edidit.

Thus opens Zwingli’s broadside at the Rebaptizers that he published in 1527, on the 31st of July.

A very fine essay by von Muralt in Zwingliana addresses the issue of Zwingli’s relationship with the Anabaptists titled Zum Problem: Reformation und Täufertum.

Die äußern Vorgänge der Geschichte des Täufertums in der Schweiz sind bekannt. Aber immer aufs neue bemüht sich die Forschung um ein tieferes Verständnis des tragischen Gegensatzes zwischen Reformation und Taufertum und sucht ein Urteil über die beiden Bewegungen zu gewinnen.

Today With Zwingli: “Von göttlicher und menschlicher Gerechtigkeit”

557693On the 30th of July in 1523 Zwingli published a sermon he had preached in June of that year-  Von götlicher und menschlicher grechtigheit, wie die zemen sehind und standind. Ein predge Hyldrych Zuinglis an s. Ioanns teuffers tag gethon im 1523 [jahr].

It’s a grand reminder that when it comes to ‘righteousness’, God possesses it all and any we have is granted to us by him.  Our righteousness, in other words, is imputed to us, not a possession of our own.  The central thought is contained in this sentence:

Er ist der gestalt grecht, das er der unversert brunn ist aller unschuld und frommgheit und grechtigheit und alles guoten; dann er ist die grechtigheit, frommkeit und alles guotes selb wesenlich, also, das nüt fromm noch grecht noch guot ist, denn das uß im kumpt. Glych wie er nit allein warhafft ist, sunder die warheit selbs Jo. 14. [Joh. 14. 6], also ist er nit allein gerecht, sunder die unverserte grechtigheit selbs, die so luter unnd eigenlich rein ist, das in dero nüt vermischtes ist mit einigerley unsuberkeit der anfechtungen.

Indeed.

 

Flacius… I’m Loving This Guy

»Illa vero vel maxima pernicies totius verae pietatis studijogue sacri fuit, quod plerioque recentiores Theologi aut Monachi, primum fuerunt ita corrupta quadam Philosophia & Logica, atque adeo etiam barbarissima Grammatica corrupti et veluti dementati, ut inde male praeconceptas opiniones, corruptumque iudicium, etiam in ipsam Theologiam Sacrasque literas intulerint …« M. Flacius

Today With Zwingli: Die dritte Schrift wider Johann Faber

The full title of the little Flugschrift is actually Die dritte geschrifft Huldrych Zuinglins wider Ioansen Faber über das erdicht buechlin, das er “nüw zytung” genennet und im höwmonat hat lassen ußgon. Mit eim abtruck des gleytes, so gen Zürich von unser Eydgnossen siben orten botten uff den 12. tag mey überschickt ist. Ouch mit Zuinglins antwurt darüber, ggeben uff den 16. tag mey, alles im jar 1526.  Written in May, published on the 28th of July, the same year.

Zwingli referred to Faber as ‘the little Shrewmouse’ in several of his books, indicating his not so mild disdain for the tiny man. There’s a quite good essay in connection with Faber here in Zwingliana. And here there’s another.

The Good Old Days Indeed!

From the Archives of the Church in Zurich-

#373. Mahnung gegen Unwesen an Sonntagen (1666)*

9783290175986Es lassen unser gnädig herren, allen ihren lieben kirchendienern, Filialisten, Catechisten und verordneten zum Stillstand, umb die Statt herumb ernstlich anbefelhen, daß dieselben uff künftigen Sontag ihre anvertrauwte vermanind, sich fürhin nach den kinderpredigen alles gleüffs in die Statt zu hinderhalten, und mit nammen, daß die dem tag deß herren schonind mit dem hin in tragen in die Statt, und uff die gräben, da dem jungen volk anlaß geben wirt zu Crömlen: Man solle auch je lenger je mehr halten ob dem verbott deß keglen rennens und unwäsens, in betrachtung der schwären ziten und sorgen darin man begriffen in der grosen dürre und hiz, in besorgenden krankheiten und brünsten.

Man solle mänigklich verleiten, so vil müglich dem Gottsdienst auch Abents in der Statt beizewonen, oder daheimen die heilig Sontags zyt mit Sontaäglichen werken in bätten, läsen und werken der barmherzigkeit gegen armen und dürftigen fürzfahren, und sich aller Gottsfurcht, ehrbarkeit und mäsigkeit zbeflisen.

da dann u[nsere] gnedig herren ihrem Obersten diener und großweibel, auch ihren getreüwen under vögten die handhab anbefehlen thund, anglegenlich, die fählbahren zuleiden. Eüch alle dem vätterlichen gnadenschirm wol anbefehlende.

Donstags den 26. heüw-monat* 1666. [5. 8. 1666 n.St.]
Cantzley der statt Zürich.

It would be fantastic if we could pass the same laws today.  You can’t legislate morality, but you can sure make immorality costly…  Man I love Church History.

;-)

___________________
*Quelle: StAZH A 42.6
Datum: 26. 7. 1666 [5. 8. 1666 n.St.]

On 26 July, 1531, Zwingli Offered His Resignation…

Grossmunster, Zurich

The Grossmunster

It had been a nasty June and a worse July in Zurich in the year of our Lord, 1531.  The heat was oppressive and the populace was restless.  Zwingli’s reforms were well entrenched but there was an air of misgiving lingering in the air.  Something bad was afoot and Zwingli was already experiencing a bout of depression (though rare, they were profound and severe when they did occur).  The firmly Catholic Cantons were still refusing to ‘see the light’ and it was more than he could bear.

So when he appeared before the Council at the end of July he had tears in his eyes and told the Council that he was set and prepared to resign on the spot if they felt another could better serve the cause of Christ.  For 11 years he had preached the Gospel to the city and its environs and though sure it would triumph in every corner of the land, distressed that it had not yet.

Afterwards, a delegation of the most important leaders of the City persuaded him to withdraw his resignation.  None of them could know, of course, that Zwingli would be dead within 3 months and a week.  He wanted to resign and wasn’t allowed to.  Divine Providence had other plans for him.

Yet certainly any and every Pastor who has felt the sting of ministerial impotence knows exactly the sense which overwhelmed Zwingli.  We’ve all been overwhelmed that way and desired to resign rather than endure. But Divine Providence has other plans for us as well.

A Christian in Toga. Boethius: Interpreter of Antiquity and Christian Theologian

Claudio Moreschini: »A Christian in Toga. Boethius: Interpreter of Antiquity and Christian Theologian«

The author presents Boethius in the culture of the sixth century in Italy, outlines his great cultural project and discusses the problem of his Christian faith. (More information).

This too has arrived from V&R.  And when I’ve read it I’ll make any observations that are pertinent.

A Heavenly Directory. Trinitarian Piety, Public Worship and a Reassessment of John Owen’s Theology

Ryan M. McGraw: »A Heavenly Directory. Trinitarian Piety, Public Worship and a Reassessment of John Owen’s Theology«

There is a growing body of historical literature on the importance of John Owen. Ryan M. McGraw seeks to reassess Owen’s theology in light of the way in which he connected his trinitarian piety to his views of public worship. (More information).

V&R have sent a review copy of this volume about which I’ll have more to say in due course.