Gershon Galil: With More on the Jerusalem Inscription

Gershon writes

The information attested in the Egyptian Wine jars labels (ca. 448 texts, dated to the 15th-12th Centuries BC) is divided into four main categories (presented usually in the following order): [1] date; [2] classification of the wine; [3] provenance (place of production); and [4] ownership, see e.g., “Year 5, Sweet wine – from the Estate of Aton”, etc. (Černý, 1965, p. 22, no. 12). In the Samaria Ostraca a similar order is attested: most inscriptions are opened with a date formula: bšt.htš’t/h’srt/15 etc. In Judah the formula is similar, but the spelling of the word “year” is different, šnh instead of št, see e.g.: “bšnh.hššt” (Ahituv, HaKetav VeHaMiktav, p. 170). So it is possible to suggest that the new Jerusalem inscription is also opened with a date formula, possibly: [bšnh.h…]m, and the updated reading could be: [bšnh.h…]m [yy]n ḫlq m(from GN).

And here are his illustrative materials (click to enlarge)-

His reading of the text and his suppositions concerning its function and origin make a great deal of sense to me. I’m hopeful that other epigraphers will weigh in. I do very much, nonetheless, appreciate Gershon’s intelligent contributions to the discussion.

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About Jim

I am a Pastor, and Professor of Biblical Studies at Quartz Hill School of Theology as well as Adjunct at the Philippine Baptist Theological Seminary
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